By Alan M. Stahl
Within a number of months of assuming the location of curator of medieval cash on the American Numismatic Society in 1980, Alan M. Stahl used to be provided with a plastic bag containing a hoard of 5,000 lately found cash, so much of which grew to become out to be from medieval Venice. The process examine of that hoard (and a later one containing greater than 14,000 cash) led him to the Venetian documents, the place he tested millions of unpublished manuscripts. to supply an excellent extra actual account of the way the Zecca mint operated in Venice within the 13th via 15th centuries, Stahl commissioned clinical analyses of the cash utilizing various smooth innovations, uncovering information regarding their content material and the way that they had been synthetic. The ensuing ebook, Zecca: The Mint of Venice within the center Ages, is the 1st to check the workings of a premodern mint utilizing large study in unique records in addition to certain learn of the cash themselves.
the 1st of the book's 3 sections lines the coinage of Venice from its origins within the 9th century as a minor, and unofficial, local Italian coinage to its place on the sunrise of the Renaissance because the dominant forex of Mediterranean exchange. the second one part, entitled "The Mint within the lifetime of Medieval Venice," illustrates the mechanisms of the keep an eye on of bullion and the options for mint revenue and explores the mint's function in Venetian alternate and the emergence of a bureaucratized executive. The 3rd part, "Within the Mint," examines the actual operations that reworked uncooked bullion into cash and identifies the group of workers of the mint, situating the holders of every place within the context in their social backgrounds.
Illustrated with images of Venetian coinage from the world's significant collections, Zecca additionally incorporates a directory of all holders of workplaces relating to the medieval Venetian mint and summaries of all significant reveals of medieval Venetian cash.
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Additional info for Zecca: The Mint of Venice in the Middle Ages
Lopez, “Prima del ritorno all’oro nell’ occidente duecentesco,” ‒. ³⁸David Herlihy, “Pisan Coinage and the Monetary History of Tuscany, ‒,” in Le zecche minori toscane ﬁno al XIV secolo, Centro Italiano di Studi di Storia e d’Arte, Pistoia (Pistoia, ), ‒. The introduction of the grosso in at least some of these mints before has been argued on the basis of indirect evidence: Michael Matzke, “Vom Ottolinus zum Grossus: Münzprägung in der Toskana vom . bis zum . Jahrhundert,” Schweizerische numismatische Rundschau (): ‒.
I thank Andrea Saccocci for calling this document to my attention. ¹² Unlike Byzantine coins, and many contemporary European ones, the edge of the design for the grosso had a beaded ring that was usually lined up with the edge of the ﬂan. This would make any clipping of the coin while in circulation evident and allow the coins to be used by count in transactions rather than having to be weighed. The original standards of the grosso are not known from any contemporary source. ¹⁴ There is no documentation to indicate a change in standard of the grosso between its inception and this documentation, nor is any alteration visible in physical appearance or to be inferred from patterns of circulation.
The halfpenny and quarter penny would continue to be minted in the reigns of succeeding doges, but not the ¹For discussions of the signiﬁcance of this new coinage, see PMV, xvii–xxi; Roberto Sabatino Lopez, “Prima del ritorno all’oro nell’occidente duecentesco: I primi denari grossi d’argento,” Rivista storica italiana (): ‒; Carlo M. Cipolla, Le avventure della lira (Bologna, ), ‒; Philip Grierson, “The Origins of the Grosso and of Gold Coinage in Italy,” Numismatick´y Sbornik (‒): ‒, reprinted in his Later Medieval Numismatics (London, ); Louise Buenger Robbert, “Reorganization of the Venetian Coinage by Doge Enrico Dandolo,” Speculum (): ‒; Donald E.