By Louise S. Sherby
The who is Who of Nobel Prize Winners is a one-stop resource of precise details at the women and men who earned the Nobel Prize through the twentieth century. equipped chronologically by way of prize, each one large article comprises in-depth details at the laureate's existence and occupation in addition to a particular checklist of his or her courses and biographical assets at the person. A concise statement explains why the laureate bought the award and summarizes the individual's different very important achievements. This thoroughly up-to-date variation additionally includes a historical past of the prize. 4 indexes distinguish this identify from related biographical references and allow researchers to look by way of identify, schooling, nationality or citizenship, and faith.
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Extra resources for The Who's Who of Nobel Prize Winners 1901-2000: Fourth Edition
Education: Univ. , 1878; Univ. , 1884. Spouse: Sofia Rudbeck, married 1894; Maria Johansson, married 1905. Children: Olof, son; Sven, son; Ester, daughter; Anna-Lisa, daughter. Career: Univ. of Uppsala, Sweden, Professor, 1884–91; Univ. of Stockholm, Sweden, Professor and Administrator, 1891– 1905; Nobel Institute for Physical Chemistry, Sweden, Director, 1905–27. Other Awards: Davy Medal, Royal Society, 1902; Willard Gibbs Medal, United States, 1911; Faraday Medal, 1914. Selected Publications: Lehrbuch der Elektrochemie.
For More Information See: Biographical Dictionary of Scientists. London: A. and C. Black, 1969, 87–88. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York: Scribner’s, 1970 (Volume 2), 560–63. Commentary: Eduard Buchner was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1907 “for his biochemical researches and his discovery of cell-free fermentation,” the turning point for the study of enzymes and the beginning of modern enzyme chemistry. By grinding yeast cells with sand at a controlled temperature, he was able to prepare a cell-free extract that would ferment sucrose to ethanol.
The work showed that living yeast cells were not essential for fermentation as others had supposed. Buchner’s revolutionary discoveries in biochemistry overshadowed his work in preparative organic chemistry, one result of which was the syntheses of cycloheptatriene and cycloheptanecarboxylic acid. ) 1908 Rutherford, Ernest, Sir 8 Prize: Chemistry, 1908. Born: August 30, 1871; Nelson, New Zealand. Death: October 19, 1937; Cambridge, England. Parents: Father, James Rutherford; Mother, Martha Thompson Rutherford.