By Warren King Moorehead, John E. Kelly
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
This variation of Moorehead’s excavations at Cahokia offers a complete selection of Moorehead’s investigations of the nation’s biggest prehistoric mound middle.
Covering virtually fourteen sq. kilometers in Illinois, Cahokia Mounds nation old website is the biggest prehistoric mound heart in North the US and has been distinct an international history website via the United international locations. outfitted among A.D. 1050 and 1350, Cahokia initially contained the is still of over a hundred earthen mounds that have been used as locations for local American rituals, houses of chiefs, or elite tombs. prior scientists debated even if the mounds have been a part of the usual panorama, and plenty of have been destroyed by way of city and commercial development
This booklet is a file of archaeological investigations performed at Cahokia from 1921 to 1927 by way of Warren okay. Moorehead, who proven that the mounds have been outfitted through indigenous peoples and who labored to guarantee upkeep of the positioning. the quantity contains Moorehead’s ultimate 1929 record besides parts of 2 initial experiences, overlaying either Cahokia and several other surrounding mound groups.
John Kelly’s advent to the booklet units Moorehead’s investigations within the context of alternative paintings performed at Cahokia sooner than the Nineteen Twenties and afterwards. Kelly stories Moorehead’s paintings, which hired 19th-century excavation ideas mixed with modern analytical tools, and explains how Moorehead contended with neighborhood social and political pressures.
Moorehead’s paintings represented vital excavations at a time whilst little different related paintings was once being performed within the Midwest. The reissue of his findings provides us a glimpse into a big archaeological attempt and is helping us larger relish the prehistoric legacy that he helped preserve.
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Additional resources for The Cahokia Mounds
In estimating the possible value of the mounds, Moorehead (1923c) suggested that the legislature purchase 30 of the mounds for $238,000, letting the adjoining areas go until additional funds were available. By the time the bill was finalized, it allotted $50,000 for 144 acres. This amount was far less than what the owners expected. In fact, Moorehead (1923b:3) felt that real estate people interested in selling the land for development had influenced the legislators and compromised the bill's intent.
During his tenure as a legislator, he attempted to have the Cahokia Mounds established as a State Park; however, his efforts were thwarted by an upstate Chicago legislator who later in 1913 remarked that his "district needs parks for live people and the guys in that mound are all dead ones" (Iseminger 1980:6). Upon the death of Ramey in 1899 (Anonymous 1899) and later his wife in 1908, a renewed interest in preserving the mounds was set into motion when it was realized that the estate was to be partitioned and sold.
Moorehead viewed this venture as a five-year project and even suggested Gerard Fowke as a possible field director. Fowke, incidentally, was another Ohio valley archaeologist, who Moorehead (1902) initially met at the 1888 Cincinnati Centennial exposition. Like Moorehead, Fowke had conducted archaeological work in a number of different locales throughout his career. Unlike Moorehead, who became established at the R. S. Peabody, Fowke was affiliated with numerous institutions. In the St. Louis area, he had worked in Missouri some 20 years earlier for the Missouri Historical Society and again for William H.