Mussolini's Greek Island: Fascism and the Italian Occupation by Sheila Lecoeur

By Sheila Lecoeur

A robust and precise examine of the realities and long term effect of profession, Mussolini’s Greek Island finds the Italian dictator’s imperial imaginative and prescient, the mechanisms of Italian career and its tragic outcomes. The small island of Syros is a crucial entry-point illuminating Italian imperialism--its ethos, fascist connection, pretension and administrative achievements, marred via famine. right here Lecoeur examines the devastating results of struggle and profession at the neighborhood community--starvation, corruption and survival--and, drawing on neighborhood records and interviews with survivors, deals new perception into this important yet little recognized episode. Enriching our knowing of Mussolini’s hegemonic visions and the mechanisms of profession, a key factor of our occasions, this ground-breaking publication will attract students of fascism, international conflict II and armed forces career in most cases.

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Extra resources for Mussolini's Greek Island: Fascism and the Italian Occupation of Syros in World War II (International Library of War Studies)

Sample text

However even Valeriani, a fascist party member, could not work up much enthusiasm for the Duce’s vision for the Aegean. 59 Local political and administrative structures No foreign occupation can function without control over the local administration; it is therefore useful to consider the role of local government whose help the Italians needed to establish themselves in power. In theory, the prefecture, the municipalities and all the Greek local authorities were to continue to operate as before.

The local authorities did what they could to compensate for the state’s deficiencies at a time when central government had taken control of most of their economic and political prerogatives. 72 The moral values of the immigrants who had come from a less conservative society, gave rise to suspicions that they would to resort to prostitution, and indeed, this would be a survival strategy for many starving women during the occupation. Another pattern soon to be repeated during the occupation was the reliance on local initiative to control rising unemployment: a series of public works were launched with the help of individual contributions.

This was not easy to achieve, however, and it was unrealistic to expect that the occupied population would not react against the manipulation of their currency. 3 Finding the situation ‘alarming’ the occupiers then abruptly halved the value of the lira, on 3 July, to the disadvantage of banks and those who had accumulated sums of the currency. 4 Inflation meant that drachmas were in short supply and, THE ECOMOMIC IMPACT OF THE DISTACCO 49 while waiting for a substantial draft to arrive from Rhodes, Farina was told to withdraw money to cover a run on drachmas, regardless of the effect on the local economy.

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