By William Y. Chalfant
With out sector is the tale of the 1st significant U.S. military excursion opposed to the Comanches among the Mexican and Civil wars. past due in 1858, lower than the management of Captain (Brevet significant) Earl Van Dorn, devices of the second one Cavalry marched north shape castle Belknap, Texas, and tested a brief put up, Camp Radziminski, on the southwest fringe of the Wichita Mountains. Scouring the rustic north, east, and west looking for Comanches, the Wichita day trip induced significant engagements, referred to as the conflict on the Wichita Village and the conflict of Crooked Creek. in the course of the latter struggle, the warriors killed or captured the entire population of a Comanche village.William Y. Chalfant supplies an in depth account of the excursion, first environment the old context, then tracing occasions to the climax at Crooked Creek on may perhaps thirteen, 1859.
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Extra resources for Without Quarter: The Wichita Expedition and the Fight on Crooked Creek
Headquarters, with Companies B, C, D, G, H, and I, reoccupied abandoned Fort Mason on the Rio Llano, and Companies A, E, F, and K, under the command of Maj. William J. Hardee, established a new post near the Comanche reservation on the Clear Fork of the Brazos to watch the Penatekas and any of their northern cousins who might come south to raid. Page 31 Named in honor of the army's adjutant general, Samuel Cooper, the new station was located about a mile above the Indian village. At both Fort Mason and Camp Cooper the troops had to pitch tents (Fort Mason being in ruins) until new quarters could be constructed.
The laws of Texas in fact prohibited the granting of boundaries to Indians and denied the administration power to prevent white encroachment. 21 Efforts to parley with the Wichitas and other nonPlains Indians within Texas encountered no difficulty, but not so with Comanches. Not until 1843 could Houston's envoys find an important Penateka camp, and that on the Canadian River in the Indian Territory of the United States. And not until 1844 was a treaty of friendship signed with them. This treaty, signed on Tehuacana Creek, unfortunately was with and binding upon only a part of the Penateka band.
The Utes described them to the Spaniards as Komantcia or Kóh-mahts ("Those Against Us," "Those Who Want to Fight All the Time," or "Enemy"). And so, unknown to themselves, they assumed the identity that would strike terror into Page 4 the hearts of intruders into their country, white and Indian alike, until their freedom finally ended with the surrender of the last holdout bands in 1875. 2 Like most migrations of nomadic peoples, the Comanches' southward movement was gradual and piecemeal. The bands earliest on the plains lost contact with those following for long periods of time.