By Lee Ann Banaszak
Even though there are huge numbers of books at the lady suffrage hobbies within the U.S. and Britain, and a smattering of books at the suffrage activities of alternative international locations, this can be one of many only a few books to examine what evaluating those hobbies can let us know in regards to the elements for fulfillment of those activities (and the parts for failure). a major and lucid step within the scholarship on girl suffrage activities and social hobbies extra usually.
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Extra info for Why movements succeed or fail: opportunity, culture, and the struggle for woman suffrage
Although the United States is normally considered a two-party system and Switzerland a multiparty system, during the fight for women suffrage, the United States experienced a number of significant third party challenges. The greater number of parties in Switzerland might lead us to believe that Swiss suffrage movements had greater opportunities to find allies among political parties. However, electoral and governmental stability in Switzerland reduced the competition among parties which, in turn, limited the availability of allies to the Swiss suffrage movement.
The Swiss suffrage movement found allies in the Socialist party and movements and other women’s organizations while the American movement benefitted from ties to the abolitionists, WCTU, Populists, and Progressives. Each movement also operated within and was affected by very different historical and political contexts. Women’s voting rights were temporarily ignored during the Civil War in the United States and during the depression and World War II in Switzerland. All of these factors, and others, may have affected the timing of women’s voting rights in each country.
Indeed, the woman suffrage organization renamed itself the Swiss Association for Women’s Rights (Schweizerischer Verband für Frauenrechte). In 1975, a number of the former suffrage activists organized an initiative campaign for an Equal Rights Amendment, which passed in a 1981 referendum. Women in the two Appenzells were left to struggle for cantonal voting rights largely on their own. 20 CHAPTER 1 Conclusion As even this brief overview suggests, there are a number of factors that might account for the differences in the timing of women’s enfranchisement in the United States and Switzerland.