West Germany and the Portuguese Dictatorship, 1968–1974: by Rui Lopes (auth.)

By Rui Lopes (auth.)

West Germany and the Portuguese Dictatorship 1968-1974 examines West Germany's ambiguous coverage in the direction of the Portuguese dictatorship of Marcelo Caetano. Lopes sheds new gentle at the social, fiscal, army, and diplomatic dimensions of the awkward courting among the Federal Republic of Germany and the Caetano regime.

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151 This complicity with Lisbon, however, had a limited impact on France’s image in the Third World. 153 Therefore, although conservative President Georges Pompidou – who replaced de Gaulle in June 1969 – could not ignore the rising anti-Portuguese criticism, he did not face any urgent need to significantly depart from his predecessor’s policy towards the Estado Novo. The German and French authorities studied each other’s cases. 155 Initially, the main link between the two states’ policies towards the Caetano regime was the Cahora Bassa project.

113 Consequently, the Eastern European leaderships most willing to collaborate with Bonn on the Portuguese problem were those with the more autonomous foreign policies. 114 Apart from the USSR, Romania was the only country in the Soviet Bloc whose diplomatic ties to the FRG stretched back to before the SPD–FDP coalition. 117 In his quest to further that struggle, on 29 June 1973 the Romanian leader privately urged Willy Brandt and Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski – a member of the SPD’s Executive – to support the African rebels and to persuade Lisbon to change its colonial policy.

45 The International Front 25 By late 1970, the influence of the African lobby had become clear, but so had its limitations. 50 This failure to interrupt the two controversial hydroelectric schemes, coupled with the breakdown of Ehmke’s back channel to Caetano – as discussed in detail in Chapter 5 – set the stage for the intensification of African criticism. The intensification of criticism The intensification of African criticism against the FRG was not simply an expression of the discouraging failure to co-operate with Bonn regarding Portuguese colonial rule.

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