By Rui Lopes (auth.)
West Germany and the Portuguese Dictatorship 1968-1974 examines West Germany's ambiguous coverage in the direction of the Portuguese dictatorship of Marcelo Caetano. Lopes sheds new gentle at the social, fiscal, army, and diplomatic dimensions of the awkward courting among the Federal Republic of Germany and the Caetano regime.
Read or Download West Germany and the Portuguese Dictatorship, 1968–1974: Between Cold War and Colonialism PDF
Best west books
The Santa Fe path was once one of many nice advertisement routes around the West, frequented extra by means of retailers than by way of emigrants. consequently girls tourists have been few at the Santa Fe path, and Land of attraction is likely one of the few firsthand bills by means of a girl of existence at the path. the writer, Marian Russell (1845-1936), dictated her tale to her daughter-in-law within the Nineteen Thirties.
In February of his forty-fourth yr, journalist David McCumber signed on as a hand on rancher invoice Galt's expansive Birch Creek unfold in Montana. The Cowboy approach is a charming and very own account of his yr spent in open country—a booklet that expertly weaves jointly prior and current right into a shiny and colourful tapestry of a vanishing lifestyle.
Insider recommendation on hitting all of Oregon's most sensible points of interest, from brilliant Portland and Crater Lake nationwide Park to theater in Ashland and wine within the Willamette Valley. Plus, wide assurance of the nice outside, from the Cascades to the Columbia Gorge, plus natural world viewing, fishing, cycling, and beaching alongside the Oregon Coast.
This entire quantity offers particular information regarding shrubs, timber, grasses, forbs, and cacti which are local to so much U. S. states within the Intermountain West, and that may be utilized in landscaping to preserve water, replicate and guard the region's panorama personality, and support defend its ecological integrity.
- Frommer's Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks
- Frommer's San Diego 2005 (Frommer's Complete)
- Frommer's Arizona 2005 (Frommer's Complete)
- Frommer's Alaska Cruises and Ports of Call
Additional resources for West Germany and the Portuguese Dictatorship, 1968–1974: Between Cold War and Colonialism
151 This complicity with Lisbon, however, had a limited impact on France’s image in the Third World. 153 Therefore, although conservative President Georges Pompidou – who replaced de Gaulle in June 1969 – could not ignore the rising anti-Portuguese criticism, he did not face any urgent need to significantly depart from his predecessor’s policy towards the Estado Novo. The German and French authorities studied each other’s cases. 155 Initially, the main link between the two states’ policies towards the Caetano regime was the Cahora Bassa project.
113 Consequently, the Eastern European leaderships most willing to collaborate with Bonn on the Portuguese problem were those with the more autonomous foreign policies. 114 Apart from the USSR, Romania was the only country in the Soviet Bloc whose diplomatic ties to the FRG stretched back to before the SPD–FDP coalition. 117 In his quest to further that struggle, on 29 June 1973 the Romanian leader privately urged Willy Brandt and Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski – a member of the SPD’s Executive – to support the African rebels and to persuade Lisbon to change its colonial policy.
45 The International Front 25 By late 1970, the influence of the African lobby had become clear, but so had its limitations. 50 This failure to interrupt the two controversial hydroelectric schemes, coupled with the breakdown of Ehmke’s back channel to Caetano – as discussed in detail in Chapter 5 – set the stage for the intensification of African criticism. The intensification of criticism The intensification of African criticism against the FRG was not simply an expression of the discouraging failure to co-operate with Bonn regarding Portuguese colonial rule.