By Gilbert C. Din
“Using a plethora of formerly unexamined records from a couple of files, this paintings offers the 1st transparent figuring out of William Augustus Bowles and his exploits alongside the Spanish Gulf Coast and one of the Creek Indians, demonstrating unequivocally that the glory-seeking adventurer used to be now not the tragic heroic determine that he and former historians have claimed.”—F. Todd Smith, collage of North Texas
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Extra resources for War on the Gulf Coast: The Spanish Fight against William Augustus Bowles
Unfortunately, much about his life is perplexing because he deviously manipulated accounts about himself to suit his purposes. A native of Frederick County, Maryland, and born in either October or November 1763, he enlisted in a loyalist militia at age thirteen. Anticipating combat in West Florida, the British sent reinforcements that included his Maryland 22 William Augustus Bowles Challenges the Spaniards • 23 militia unit to the colony about 1778. Ennui, maltreatment, and curiosity, however, impelled his desertion from Pensacola with a Creek party that visited the town.
In the fall of 1787, warriors from four upper towns, with some from Lower Creek settlements, headed toward the Oconee River to hunt. If Americans attacked them, O’Neill instructed Bertucat to distribute guns and munitions and exhort the Indians to defend their lands. 68 Exasperated by difficulties with Bertucat, Miró ordered his replacement before the end of 1787. His departure from Apalache in early 1788 initiated an era of frequent rotation of commanders and little improvement of the fort. Capt.
They sailed on a small vessel directly to Apalachicola and up the rivers to Perryman’s village, located at the center of Bowles’s William Augustus Bowles Challenges the Spaniards • 29 Lower Creek adherents. He spent the winter and spring with Indian kin, including his wife Mary, and waited for supply ships from Nassau. McGillivray again traveled down from Little Tallassee, but this time he shunned the adventurer since irreconcilable differences now separated them. Although plagued by missteps, Bowles clung to his ambition to subvert and supplant McGillivray within the Creek confederation.