By Benjamin Bishin
Why do politicians often heed the personal tastes of small teams of electorate over these of the bulk? Breaking new theoretical floor, Benjamin Bishin explains how the needs of small teams, which he calls subconstituencies, usually trump the personal tastes of a lot greater groups.
Tyranny of the Minority presents a unified concept of illustration, established in social psychology and identification concept, to provide an explanation for how voters depth fosters wisdom and participation and drives applicants habit in campaigns and legislators' habit in Congress. Demonstrating the extensive applicability of the speculation, Bishin strains politicians' habit in reference to quite a lot of concerns, together with the Cuban exchange embargo, the extension of hate-crimes laws to guard homosexual males and lesbians, the renewal of the assault-weapons ban, abortion politics, and Congress's try to realize the Armenian genocide. He deals a special rationalization of while, why, and the way specified pursuits dominate American nationwide politics.
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Extra info for Tyranny of the Minority: The Subconstituency Politics Theory of Representation
Iyengar and Valentino 2000). Thus, accessing a group allows politicians not only to reach members who care about the issue but also to disseminate their message via a highly trusted source. This gives added weight to the message—an impact that is not available through mass approaches to individuals. In combination, then, group dynamics serve to provide credible and “pure” cues to members. The appeal to groups also has practical benefits for the campaign. Groups help reduce problems of issue timing.
Second, communications can be transmitted more easily and more credibly, both formally and informally, via social issue networks. Statements made by fellow group members are more likely to be perceived as valid, while those made by members of opposing groups or outgroups are not and are immediately discounted (van Knippenberg 1999). Because group members share experiences and values, information transmitted through social issue networks may be viewed by the receiver as more reliable. , Iyengar and Valentino 2000).
More often, candidates identify some interest that binds a group together. In 2006, Michigan Republicans sought to oust Senator Debbie Stabenow by appealing to snowmobilers on the basis of her support for environmental legislation that limited the development and use of trails. In many cases, candidates attempt to play on group identities either explicitly or implicitly. In the 2008 presidential primary, Hillary Clinton frequently highlighted her struggles as a woman in an explicit attempt to attract female voters, a strategy that was widely credited with giving her a come-from-behind victory in the New Hampshire primary.