By John Riddell
Debates at global Communism’s 1921 congress display Lenin’s foreign at a second of challenge. A coverage of confrontational tasks by way of a resolute minority contends with the point of view of successful majority working-class aid at the highway to the innovative conquest of strength. A frank debate between many currents concludes with a vintage formula of Communist approach and strategies. Thirty-two appendices, many by no means ahead of released in any language, painting delegates’ behind-the-scenes exchanges. This newly translated treasure of 1,000 pages of resource fabric, on hand for the 1st time in English, is supplemented by way of an analytic creation, particular footnotes, a thesaurus with 430 biographical entries, a chronology, and an index. the ultimate instalment of a 4,500-page sequence on Communist congresses in Lenin’s time.
John Riddell has translated and edited 8 volumes of files of the Communist move within the period of the Russian revolution, resembling towards the United entrance: complaints of the Fourth Congress of the Communist foreign, 1922 (Brill, 2012). an additional Brill quantity now in coaching will entire this formidable project.
All these attracted to Communist and labour historical past, the political concept of radical routine, international efforts at social swap, and activities for colonial and women’s emancipation.
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Additional info for To the Masses: Proceedings of the Third Congress of the Communist International, 1921
99 Organisation The agenda point on party organisation sought above all to grapple with bureaucratic deformations member parties had inherited from the prewar Second International. Parties in Czechoslovakia, France, Germany (ex-USPD majority), Italy, and Norway had joined the Comintern largely intact. They included influential parliamentary, trade-union, and journalistic staffs that were often open to bourgeois influence and unresponsive to party direction. 97. ) 1991, 2WC, 2, pp. 972–98. 98. See pp.
234 (‘To the Masses’), 921–3 (Resolution on ECCI Report), 387 (Loriot), 392 (Malzahn), 392–3 (Zinoviev), 393 (Neumann), 399–400 (German opposition), 400–1 (vote). Editorial Introduction • 35 with considerable success. 78 The speech by Terracini, followed by Lenin’s reply, marked the turning point of the congress. After Terracini’s forceful presentation, Lenin countered that the Russian delegation ‘must insist that not a single letter in the theses be altered’. He also extended the formula of ‘winning the majority’ (which Terracini had criticised) to apply not only to the industrial proletariat but to all the ‘working and exploited rural population’.
Editorial Introduction • 31 subsequently recalled it as ‘a godawful battering on every side’. We do have, however, the German delegation’s response to this meeting (Appendix 3d), sent the next day, withdrawing its draft theses and proposing the outline of a compromise decision on the German question that resulted from the previous day’s discussion. On the same day, Lenin wrote the German delegation’s leaders retracting harsh language he had used in the previous day’s discussion (Appendix 3e). Amendments to the theses by the German, Austrian, and Italian delegates were presented 1 July; Neumann and Zetkin also submitted an amendment, for which no text is available.