The World's Richest Indian: The Scandal over Jackson by Tanis C. Thorne

By Tanis C. Thorne

The 1st biography of Jackson Barnett, who won unforeseen wealth from oil discovered on his estate. This ebook explores how regulate of his fortune was once violently contested by way of his dad or mum, the nation of Oklahoma, the Baptist Church, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and an adventuress who abducted and married him. getting into nationwide prominence as a case of Bureau of Indian Affairs mismanagement of Indian estate, the litigation over Barnett's wealth lasted 20 years and motivated Congress to make long-overdue reforms in its regulations in the direction of Indians. Highlighting the paradoxical position performed through the government as either purported protector and pilferer of Indian cash, and replete with a few of the significant brokers in twentieth-century local American historical past, this amazing tale isn't just pleasing in its personal correct yet hugely symbolic of America's diseased and corrupt nationwide Indian coverage.

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In addition to carrying on trade, the Barnards had a plantation with large herds of livestock, fruit trees, and other crops. African slaves did the labor, including spinning cotton. Timothy Barnard’s son, Timpoochee Barnard, fought alongside Andrew Jackson during the War of  to deliver a devastating defeat to the Creek Red Sticks at the battle of Horseshoe Bend. The Red Stick War, as the Creek called it, was a civil war: white factions favored accommodation with the Americans whereas the red factions, or “sticks,” were militantly anti-American.

On this Tuckabatchee Town payroll, an entry verified by his uncle Jim. The  Tuckabatchee Town tribal roll lists Siah Barnett and his family immediately followed by the Josh Asbury group. 41 The  roll indicates that Jackson had lost his cabin, making him homeless. A freedman’s family found the cabin vacant and claimed it during one of Jackson’s periodic absences visiting and working. Illiterate and malleable, Jackson provided a thumbprint on a document that gave the freedman’s family legal title.

Jackson was an orphan of the Civil war,” recalled Billy McCombs, a Creek Baptist preacher, years later. ”19 Aunt Jennie Conner and her husband, Jeffrey, took in Jackson and his cousin, but the couple had a hard time providing for their nephews. Jennie, according to McCombs’s account, approached the McCombs family to take eight-year-old Jackson, and the McCombs cared for Jackson for five or six years until Uncle Leecher and other maternal kin claimed him. Jackson was persuaded to go with these “strangers” to the ferry northwest of Muskogee (located where the Spaulding bridge was later built), said McCombs.

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