By John P Bowes
In 1830, Congress handed the Indian removing Act, which licensed President Andrew Jackson to maneuver jap Indian tribes west of the Mississippi River to Indian Territory. frequently exclusively linked to the Cherokee, the path of Tears extra properly describes the pressured removing of the 5 Civilized Tribes, which as well as the Cherokee comprises the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. This publication is an insightful and sincere exploration of this darkish bankruptcy in local American heritage.
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To help explain the decision, Marshall created a term that has remained important and has been debated to the present day. Neither the Cherokee nor any Indian tribe could be considered a foreign nation. ” The chief justice based this conclusion in part on principles of land ownership. Because the Cherokees only had a right of occupancy, they did not exist as an independent nation. S. government, as the true owner of the land, was a guardian for all Indian tribes, including the Cherokee. Therefore, the Cherokees’ residence within the borders of the United States made them domestic.
S. oﬃcials and held councils with the Cherokee people. The position of the Cherokee Nation was clear. The overwhelming majority of Like his father, Major, John Ridge was a signatory of the 1835 Treaty of New Echota and supported Cherokee removal. S. government and move west within two years. 61 dd 62 dd THE TRAIL OF TEARS Cherokees opposed the notion of removal. Ross did his best both to disrupt the eﬀorts of the Ridges and to push the United States to richly compensate the Cherokees for their lands.
The Treaty of New Echota can be seen as both a cause and an eﬀect. As a cause, its ratiﬁcation ended the legal battles of the previous years. S. government now had a ratiﬁed document that could be used to justify and enforce the removal of the Cherokees from their lands in the Southeast. The treaty was also an eﬀect. Boudinot and the Treaty Party signed the agreement because they did not think the Cherokees could remain on their lands. President Jackson’s decision to ignore Worcester v. Georgia had conﬁrmed their beliefs that the people of the United States would not support the Cherokees.