The Shaping of American Higher Education: Emergence and by Arthur M. Cohen

By Arthur M. Cohen

Just like the 1st variation, The Shaping of yankee better schooling combines ancient and present occasions as much as the mid Nineteen Nineties. during this version notwithstanding, the revised textual content presents up-to-date information and tables, new fabric on school, pupil admissions, and administration practices, in addition to a brand new bankruptcy at the modern period. The publication explores subject matters like curricular enlargement, institutional progress, secular governance, and extra. With end-of-chapter questions, this textbook provides a heritage of yank better schooling, with an emphasis on advancements impacting present stipulations, to scholars, professors, and practitioners.

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Extra resources for The Shaping of American Higher Education: Emergence and Growth of the Contemporary System

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The development of literacy did not depend on schooling. Today’s children are exposed to language on television, billboards, magazines, newspapers, even the promotional material on cereal and toy boxes; regardless of the emphasis in their homes, they are surrounded by words. But although the colonists in the coastal cities saw books and newspapers, many who were living on the margins of civilization had little association with print other than in the family Bible. Their familiarity with ideas came through words delivered by a preacher or itinerant peddler.

Long passages or even the complete speeches of celebrated orators were assigned to students who then had to repeat them. More advanced students were required to compose their own orations. The study of rhetoric included training in the finding of suitable subject matter, arranging a declamation, memorizing material, and developing the style and form of delivery. The students might construct their own speeches by taking extracts from the texts they were using. Education in rhetoric balanced reading and memorization with composition and performance.

Such innovations as studies in navigation, surveying, civil history, law and government, and trade and commerce were brought in as well. Even so, students were expected to follow classical and rhetorical studies with Greek and Latin literature at the core. And disputation was still important; the plan shows afternoons of the third term for seniors held aside “for composition and declamation on moral and physical subjects” (Snow, 1907, p. 71). 37 38 The Shaping of American Higher Education The other colonial colleges, all founded in the thirty years prior to the revolution, kept the study of the classics and the Bible but added modifications of their own.

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