The populist paradox: interest group influence and the by Elisabeth R. Gerber

By Elisabeth R. Gerber

Do small yet prosperous curiosity teams impression referendums, poll tasks, and different kinds of direct laws on the rate of the wider public curiosity? Many observers argue that they do, frequently lamenting that direct laws has, mockingly, been captured through the exact same filthy rich pursuits whose strength it used to be designed to scale back. Elisabeth Gerber, despite the fact that, demanding situations that argument. during this first systematic examine of the way cash and curiosity workforce strength truly have an effect on direct laws, she unearths that enormous spending doesn't unavoidably suggest massive influence.

Gerber bases her findings on broad surveys of the actions and motivations of curiosity teams and on shut exam of crusade finance files from 168 direct laws campaigns in 8 states. Her study confirms what such prosperous pursuits because the assurance undefined, trial attorney institutions, and tobacco businesses have discovered via defeats on the poll field: if voters don't love a proposed new legislations, even a pricey, high-profile crusade won't cause them to switch their brain. She demonstrates, notwithstanding, that those financial curiosity teams have enormous luck in utilizing direct laws to dam tasks that others are featuring and to exert strain on politicians. against this, citizen curiosity teams with broad-based help and demanding organizational assets have confirmed to be super powerful in utilizing direct laws to go new legislation. in actual fact written and argued, this can be a significant theoretical and empirical contribution to our figuring out of the position of electorate and arranged pursuits within the American legislative procedure.

Show description

Read or Download The populist paradox: interest group influence and the promise of direct legislation PDF

Best elections books

The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans (Chicago Studies in American Politics)

As Washington elites drifted towards ideological poles over the last few many years, did traditional americans stick to their lead? within the Partisan kind, Matthew Levendusky finds that we've got answered to this trend—but no longer, for the main half, via changing into extra severe ourselves. whereas polarization has filtered right down to a small minority of citizens, it additionally has had the extra major impact of reconfiguring the best way we style ourselves into political events.

Understanding Political Change. The British Voter 1964–1987

The primary predicament of knowing Political swap is to discover the social and political assets of electoral switch in Britain. From the Labour successes of the Nineteen Sixties throughout the reemergence of the Liberals as a countrywide strength in 1974 and the increase and fall of the SDP to the capability emergence of the fairway social gathering within the Nineties, Dr Heath and his collaborators chart the consistently altering mildew of British politics.

Women and Legislative Representation: Electoral Systems, Political Parties, and Sex Quotas

Ladies in Legislative illustration: Electoral structures, Political events, and intercourse Quotas provides a whole and foreign standpoint at the share and influence of ladies in nationwide parliaments. extra accurately, it seeks to spot the criteria that effect the proportion of girl parliamentarians, paying specific recognition to the electoral approach.

Extra info for The populist paradox: interest group influence and the promise of direct legislation

Example text

A strategy is a plan of action that maps a group’s goals to the actions required to achieve those goals. A strategy involves undertaking a particular set of political activities and entails overcoming a particular set of institutional and behavioral hurdles. Groups can choose among numerous strategies to achieve a given form of influence. For example, one strategy for achieving direct modifying influence involves proposing, qualifying, campaigning in support of, and defending an initiative. Because a group that pursues this strategy is responsible for all aspects of the measure at all stages of the process, it must overcome numerous hurdles.

These preferences may come about because of personal preferences or responsiveness to constituencies. 4 Much of this discussion draws from Barber (1993). I N T E R E S T GROU P C HOI C E 25 sources. By observing that a group chose to expend resources to support or oppose a measure, legislators can infer that the group expects to gain from the outcome of the election. Otherwise, the group would use its resources for some other purposes. 5 Under what conditions do we expect interest groups to be able to use initiatives to signal their preferences through direct legislation?

The first condition is that the group has sufficient resources to attract the legislature’s attention. Some groups feel strongly about an issue but lack the resources to organize and finance an initiative campaign. Groups that lack resources may be unable to engage in campaign activities that would attract the legislature’s attention. The second necessary condition is that the group must have something legislators want. In particular, in exchange for legislators’ attention, groups must be able to promise either future campaign contributions or the backing of a large, important electoral constituency.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.78 of 5 – based on 18 votes