The Outdoor environment by coll.

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Traffic use equivalent to that of housing estate access roads or where there is an average crime risk or moderate public use after dark, this also may be associated with access to local amenities. Minimum illuminance at a point 1 lux. Traffic use equivalent to that of a residential area road or where crime risk is low or pedestrian usage at night-time is extremely low and associated solely with the adjacent residential property. When considering roadway lighting a number of fundamental factors need to be considered.

The diffusers/ controllers should be of impact resistant material, such as toughened glass or polycarbonate, and fitted in frames secured to the luminaire body by vandal resistant fastenings. Care should be taken with the use of recessed ceiling-mounted luminaires which fail to provide sufficient illuminance on the ceiling surface; the subway may appear gloomy and give an impression 20 THE OUTDOOR ENVIRONMENT of reduced height. Cornice recessed or wall-mounted luminaires will solve this problem.

The techniques commonly used include careful positioning and aiming of floodlights and other sources of high luminous intensity. The use of hoods, spill rings and louvres for screening lamps from sight at normal viewing angles are often used but these will reduce the photometric efficiency of the lighting system. 4 Specific applications Each ‘specific application’ details in tabular form the area/location or task where a maintained illuminance is recommended. There may be circumstances which would lead the designer to use a higher illuminance than that recommended.

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