By John Robertson
Difficult the new tendency to fragment the Enlightenment in eighteenth-century Europe into a number of Enlightenments, John Robertson demonstrates the level to which thinkers in societies on the contrary ends of Europe shared universal highbrow preoccupations. ahead of 1700, Scotland and Naples confronted a bleak destiny as backward, provincial kingdoms in a Europe of competitive advertisement states. but through 1760, Scottish and Neapolitan thinkers have been within the van of these advocating the reason for Enlightenment via political economic system. Robertson can pay specific consciousness to the best thinkers in every one kingdom, David Hume and Giambattista Vico.
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Extra info for The Case for The Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples 1680-1760 (Ideas in Context)
Whether its sociability also embodied the modern political values of liberty or equality, or whether it was apolitical, and hence dangerously utopian, are questions which continue to divide historians. , 1989; first published in German in 1962). US scholars have been among the most enthusiastic: Dena Goodman, ‘Public sphere and private life: towards a synthesis of current historiographical approaches to the Old Regime’, History and Theory, 31 (1992), 1–20; Margaret C. Jacob, ‘The mental landscape of the public sphere: a European perspective’, Eighteenth-Century Studies, 28 (1994), 95–113; Daniel Gordon, Citizens without Sovereignty: Equality and Sociability in French Thought 1670–1789 (Princeton, 1994).
Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London, 1996), pp. ’ (1784). The volume includes other contributions to the debate which had been instigated by the Berliner Monatsschrift, and an excellent commentary by John Christian Laursen, ‘The subversive Kant: the vocabulary of “public” and “publicity”’, pp. 253–69. 80 Instead of the churches and universities, the source of authority to which the Enlightenment thinkers most frequently appealed was ‘public opinion’.
Arthur Goldhammer (Cambridge, Mass. and London, 1998; original French edn, 1993), part iii, and many other works. A recent programmatic statement is ‘Dell’Illuminismo. Per una storia sociale della cultura’, Rivista Storica Italiana, 113 (2001), 86–106: the message is as oracular as could be expected from an inaugural lecture to the Coll`ege de France. , 1979). Robert Darnton, ‘The high Enlightenment and the low-life of literature in pre-Revolutionary France’, Past and Present, 51 (1971), 81–115.