By Joseph C. Jastrzembski
Examines the background, altering fortunes, and present scenario of the Apache Indians. encompasses a photo essay on their crafts.
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Examines the background, altering fortunes, and present state of affairs of the Apache Indians. encompasses a photo essay on their crafts.
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As the other Chiricahua Apache looked at Naiche’s hide paintings—at the girl filled with the power of White Painted Woman, at the Mountain Spirits dancing around the central fire— they knew that as long as such powerful beings still lived among the Apache, they would survive, even the pain of captivity. THE ATTACK ON IDENTITY By the last quarter of the nineteenth century, all of the major Apache tribal groups found themselves on reservations or, as in the case of the Chiricahua, in exile, far from the Southwest.
Subsequently, some Apache from the peace establishments recirculated many of these items in trade with other Apache outside the line of Spanish settlements. / Mexico border, with the New Mexican settlements stretching up like a finger). The Apache homelands remained largely outside of this zone. As a result, the Apache exercised considerable freedom in how they chose to respond to the Spanish, either through raids, simple avoidance, trading, or temporary residence at a peace establishment. For their part, the Spanish strictly modified their own behavior toward the Apache.
The more ambitious parts of the peace establishment program, such as the adoption of farming or ranching, also made little headway. Unable to force the Apache to do anything, the Spanish hoped that some might prove interested in imitating the soldiers’ farming or ranching tasks. However, those who showed some interest soon became diverted. In the same way, systematic religious instruction did not occur. Spanish priests baptized some individual Apache, but the majority remained aloof from Christianity.