The A to Z of Native American Movements (The A to Z Guide by Todd Leahy, Raymond Wilson

By Todd Leahy, Raymond Wilson

Local american citizens within the usa, just like different indigenous humans, created political, financial, and social pursuits to satisfy and comply with significant adjustments that impacted their cultures. for hundreds of years, local american citizens handled the onslaught of non-Indian land claims, the appropriation in their homelands, and the destruction in their methods of lifestyles. via numerous events, local american citizens authorized, rejected, or accommodated themselves to the non-traditional worldviews of the colonizers and their policies.The A to Z of local American Movements—through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, a bibliography, and 1000's of cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important people, locations, occasions, and associations and critical political, fiscal, social, and cultural aspects—is an invaluable reference on subject matters facing key routine, companies, management techniques, and the most important matters local american citizens have faced.

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Far from a discovery, far from a New World, Columbus sailed into an old world full of diverse peoples with a myriad of cultures. The Admiral of the Ocean Sea looked upon his hosts, and believing he had landed on an island off the coast of China or Japan (known as the Indies), Columbus called them “una hente Indios,” or people of the Indies. In short, Columbus named these new people “Indians”—a mistake made by an Italian sea captain, sailing for Spain, that has stuck for more than 500 years. After years of exploration, Europeans came to realize that they had not found a westerly route to Asia, but rather a world previously unknown to European cartographers.

A large no-man’s-land between major urban centers with arable land like the Savannah River Valley was left entirely vacant. Empty expanses of good land denote an increase in warfare during the period. Archaeologists have uncovered intercomplex rivalries and palisades around major sites. The lack of communication and increased warfare between sites played into the hands of a new group of people in North America. INDIANS AND EUROPEANS MEET When the Spanish conquistadores landed on what they christened “La Florida” and launched their entradas northward, they heard rumors of major cities filled with people, food, and valuables.

Perhaps the most disastrous story, however, is that of the Shawnees. Many Shawnees migrated from their Ohio lands in the 1690s, the result of increased warfare by the Iroquois. The Shawnees moved to the southeast, especially Kentucky, and developed a close relationship with the Creeks. The Shawnees’ relationship with the Creeks brought them into close contact with British traders. With a new trading partner, the Shawnees felt prepared to regain their vacated Ohio River Valley homelands. However, by the middle of the 18th century, the Ohio Country had become a virtual battleground and the home to displaced Delawares, Mingoes, and other groups seeking a reprieve from European wars of supremacy.

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