By Allan Tulchin
That males could compliment the Lord breaks aside the method of mass conversion within the 16th century to provide an explanation for why the Reformation happened, utilizing Nîmes, the main Protestant city in France, as a case research. Protestantism used to be overwhelmingly profitable in Nîmes (since most folks converted), however the method culminated in bloody massacres of Nîmes's final Catholics. starting in 1559, Nîmes went via a progressive interval akin to 1789 in its depth. Townspeople flocked to listen to Protestant preachers after which took over Catholic church buildings, destroyed statues and stained glass, and zealously took half within the Wars of faith, which convulsed France starting in 1562. because the Protestant stream grew, it needed to adapt to altering situations. Nîmes's first Protestants have been drawn to Calvin's theology. Later converts believed that the Church had to be cleansed of its excesses to inspire ethical reform and to help the royal treasury. Iin the tip, many switched over due to peer strain or below duress. therefore instead of argue that one issue - even if spiritual, fiscal, or political - explains the Reformation, Tulchin emphasizes that the Protestant flow used to be the results of compromises solid between its participants. the realization extends his arguments to the remainder of France. That males may compliment the Lord marries concepts from the social sciences, anthropology, and cultural background in an analytic narrative, leading to a brand new, interdisciplinary thought of the Reformation.
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Extra resources for That Men Would Praise the Lord: The Triumph of Protestantism in Nimes, 1530-1570
Wealthy men and women frequently provided dowries for their servants: Antoinette Cordilh married a respectable yeoman, a laboureur, no doubt in part thanks to a substantial dowry of £50 plus the use of some land. Of that, she received £20 from her master and mistress, Jean Barrière and Jeanne Deran. Barrière was a doctor of laws and seigneur de Vestric; other members of his family were members of the présidial court. He may also have provided the priest, since one of the witnesses was Father Benoît Barrière, another relative.
Madaleine, the Observantin, St. )25 The bishop of Nîmes from 1496 to 1514 was Guillaume Briçonnet, who was succeeded by his nephew Michel, who remained bishop until 1554. He was then succeeded by his nephew Claude. Only in 1561, at the height of the crisis of the Reformation, did the dynasty of Briçonnets end in Nîmes, when Claude Briçonnet exchanged places with Bernard d’Elbène, bishop of Lodève. All three Briçonnet bishops were relatives of the famous Guillaume Briçonnet, bishop of Meaux, who was interested in humanist ideas and whose circle included several clerics who later became Protestants.
Beyond the walls, the most visible sights were the towers of the town’s cathedral and the clock tower, but one could also see the roofs of many of its buildings, including another important Roman monument, the temple known as the Maison Carrée (the Square House), and perhaps the nearby church of St. Étienne de Capdueil. 13 Institutions Travelers were probably most interested in seeing the town’s many Roman monuments. These are still visible today, but unfortunately only a few sixteenth-century buildings still stand.