Stroke Part II: Clinical manifestations and pathogenesis: by Marc Fisher

By Marc Fisher

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Extra resources for Stroke Part II: Clinical manifestations and pathogenesis: Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Series Editors: Aminoff, Boller and Swaab) (Handbook of Clinical Neurology)

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Medial medullary syndrome: report of 18 new patients and review of the literature. Stroke 26: 1548–1552. Kim JS, Lee JH, Im JH, et al. (1995b). Syndromes of pontine base infarction: a clinical-radiological correlation study. Stroke 26: 950–955. Krasnianski M, Neudecker S, Schluter A, et al. (2003). Babin´ski–Nageotte’s syndrome and hemimedullary (Reinhold’s) syndrome are clinically and morphologically distinct conditions. J Neurol 250: 938–942. Krasnianski M, Muller T, Stock K, et al. (2006). Between Wallenberg syndrome and hemimedullary lesion: CestanChenais and Babin´ski–Nageotte syndromes in medullary infarctions.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry (submitted). Rhoton AL Jr, Fujii K, Fradd B (1979). Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior choroidal artery. Surg Neurol 12: 171–187. Rothfus WE, Goldberg AL, Tabas JH, et al. (1987). Callosomarginal infarction secondary to transfalcial herniation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 8: 1073–1076. Schmahmann JD (2003). Vascular syndromes of the thalamus. Stroke 34: 2264–2278. Servan J, Verstichel P, Catala M, et al. (1995). Aphasia and infarction of the posterior cerebral artery territory.

2004). 2. Other tests and evaluation Further testing is aimed at confirming the source of the ischemia and the suitability of the patients for specific therapies. In patients suspected of having a TIA of anterior (carotid) distribution, evaluation of the degree of carotid stenosis should be performed urgently because endarterectomy can reduce the high risk of stroke in patients with severe stenosis. The established gold standard for evaluation of carotid stenosis is catheter angiography, or digital subtraction angiography (DSA).

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