Storms Brewed in Other Men's Worlds: The Confrontation of by Elizabeth John

By Elizabeth John

Spanning and a part centuries, from the earliest contacts within the 1540s to the crumbling of Spanish strength within the 17908, Storms Brewed in different Men's Worlds is a breathtaking view of Indian peoples and Spanish and French intruders within the early Southwest. the first concentration is the realm of the yank Indian, starting from the Caddos within the east to the Hopis within the west, and together with the histories of the Pueblo, Apache, Navajo, Ute, and Wichita peoples. inside this quarter, from Texas to New Mexico, the Comanches performed a key, formative position, and no much less compelling is the tale of the Hispanic frontier peoples who weathered the precarious, frequently exhausting means of evolving coexistence with the Indians at the northern frontier of recent Spain. First released in 1975, this moment version incorporates a new preface and afterword by means of Elizabeth A. H. John, during which she discusses present examine concerns and the prestige of the Indian peoples of the Southwest.

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He captured 342 and executed 13 leaders. These executions only reinforced the determination of Tewa leaders never to fall into Spanish hands. Even after that victory, friendly Pueblos and settlers could plant  < previous page < previous page page_134 page_135 next page > next page > Page 135 their fields only when Vargas stationed mounted, armed guards to protect them. The Jémez harassed the friendly Keres so relentlessly that Vargas seconded ten mounted soldiers, whom he could ill spare, to protect workers in the fields of those three pueblos.

Seeing the Spaniards' pleased reaction, the rebels then came down unarmed, and the erstwhile enemies gratefully embraced one another. The Pueblos again pledged themselves to become good Christians and faithful vassals of the Spanish king. Governor Vargas stipulated that they must reoccupy their proper pueblos within eight days; subject to that condition, he granted all of them full pardon. More impressive than his words were Vargas' actions in the week after the battle. Promptly honoring his promise to Jémez, whose war < previous page < previous page 34 page_137 page_138 next page > next page > 35 Page 138 riors had faithfully served in the campaign, Vargas restored their women and children, held in servitude since the capture on July 23.

For all practical purposes, the Spaniards abandoned Zuñi. Henceforth, its people could be nearly as aloof and independent as the Hopis. In the Pueblo heartland, the diminished population settled into a pattern of existence that would serve them well as long as Spaniards ruled New Mexico and for a century beyond. They clung as tenaciously as ever to old Pueblo values, but they kept their activities discreetly underground in the kivas and dutifully observed Catholic forms. Friars baptized, married, and buried them; they went to Mass as well as kiva.

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