Southern strategies: southern women and the woman suffrage by Elna C. Green

By Elna C. Green

The biographies of greater than 800 girls shape the root for Elna Green's research of the suffrage and the antisuffrage pursuits within the South. Green's entire research highlights the results that elements equivalent to type history, marital prestige, academic point, and attitudes approximately race and gender roles had in inspiring the region's ladies to paintings in want of, or against, their very own enfranchisement. eco-friendly sketches the ranks of either movements—which integrated men and women, black and white—and identifies the ways that problems with type, race, and gender made up our minds the composition of every part. Coming from a wide range of ideals and backgrounds, eco-friendly argues, southern ladies approached enfranchisement with an both diverse set of concepts and ideologies. each one camp outlined and redefined itself towards the opposite. yet neither was once solely homogeneous: concerns comparable to states' rights and the enfranchisement of black ladies have been so divisive as to offer upward push to competing agencies inside every one team. by way of concentrating on the grassroots constituency of every facet, eco-friendly offers perception into the complete of the suffrage debate.

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Atlanta hosted the annual event in 1895, New Orleans in 1903, and Baltimore in 1906. NAWSA's leaders used these conventions, especially the Atlanta meeting, as opportunities to make extensive speaking tours through the South, both before and after the convention. As the History of Woman Suffrage reported, "during several weeks" before convening in Atlanta, Anthony and Catt made a tour of major southern cities. " 44 The 1903 NAWSA meeting in New Orleans stands out in importance for its open discussion of the racial policies of NAWSA.

21 It was not until urban life and industrial problems began to chip away at the foundations of the "enclosed garden" in the 1870s and 1880s that southern white women had the opportunities for broadening activities and they would begin to experience the same bonds of womanhood as women in the northeastern cities. 22 In Texas, for example, the constitutional convention of 1868 considered, but rejected, a proposal for the enfranchisement of women in the new order. That Page 7 same year, North Carolina constitution drafters heard a minority suffrage report that recommended woman suffrage as a natural right.

The two sets of suffragists, working separately, held annual conventions, petition drives, lecture tours, and above all, endless travel by a dedicated cadre of suffrage workers. Furthermore, the same set of leaders continued to dominate the movement: Stone, Stanton, Anthony, Mott, and a handful of others led the movement for thirty years with very little change of leadership at the top. 7 In the late 1880s, however, a new generation of suffragists began to rise to national prominence, waiting impatiently for the "old guard" to retire.

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