Science and Engineering Careers in the United States: An by Richard B. Freeman, Daniel L. Goroff

By Richard B. Freeman, Daniel L. Goroff

Beginning within the early 2000s, there has been an upsurge of nationwide quandary over the nation of the technology and engineering activity industry that sparked a plethora of reviews, fee studies, and a presidential initiative, all stressing the significance of retaining American competitiveness in those fields. Science and Engineering Careers within the United States is the 1st significant educational examine to probe the problems that underlie those concerns.

This quantity offers new details at the economics of the postgraduate technological know-how and engineering activity industry, addressing such subject matters because the components that verify the provision of PhDs, the profession paths they keep on with after commencement, and the construction and use of information because it is mirrored by way of the quantity of papers and patents produced. A individual crew of individuals additionally explores the tensions among and academe in recruiting graduates, the inflow of foreign-born doctorates, and the luck of girl doctorates. Science and Engineering Careers within the United States will increase new questions on stimulating innovation and progress within the American economy.

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Extra info for Science and Engineering Careers in the United States: An Analysis of Markets and Employment (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report)

Sample text

The GRF data is further complicated by the development in 1978 of the Minority Graduate Fellowship Program (MGF), which gave awards solely to underrepresented minorities, and its dissolution in 1998. The MGF was officially a separate program, although executed in parallel with the GRF. In 1999, the first program year since 1975 without the MGF, the NSF emphasized procedural changes in its review panel process in the 9. As described following, NSF categorizes applicants by group depending on their measured scholastic skills.

Groups 6 through 10 consist of persons who did not get an award, with those whom we estimated as most likely to get an award placed in group 6, followed by persons with less likelihood of getting an award in groups 7 through 10. The figure shows that there is very little difference in the GRE Quantitative measures around the cutoff point between groups 5 and 6. This indicates that the number of awards could have been increased along a substantial margin without greatly reducing quality, or could have been reduced along a substantial margin without greatly increasing quality.

To control for field differences and changes in market conditions by field over time, the regressions in14. We estimated the college graduate earnings from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (PUMS) of the March Current Population Survey. College graduates include those who obtain degrees higher than a bachelor’s degree, but the age range is restrictive enough to exclude most doctorate recipients. 15. Bachelor’s degree data for 2002 to 2004 are extrapolated because actual figures are not available.

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