By Donica Belisle
Read or Download Retail Nation: Department Stores and the Making of Modern Canada PDF
Similar canada books
Thoroughly up to date each year (unlike many of the competition), "Frommer' s Toronto is written by means of a local who' ll express you all of the highlights and hidden pleasures of this attention-grabbing urban. She' s inspected numerous lodges and chosen the main inviting areas to stick for each style and price range: ancient downtown motels, most sensible bets for households, romantic hotels, and extra.
If it is birthdays, marriage ceremony anniversaries, Thanksgiving dinners or New Year's celebrations, we people reveal a unusual compulsion to have a good time the continued cycle of the recurrent calendar dates that mark our lives. Public occasions of an analogous kind evoke a good extra suggested reaction. The Anniversary Compulsion makes a speciality of Canada's Centennial celebrations in 1967 as an instance of the way a vintage mega-anniversary should be effectively prepared and staged.
The North American fur alternate of the eighteenth and 19th centuries was once a vividly complicated and altering social international. Strangers in Blood fills an incredible hole in fur alternate literature through systematically analyzing the investors as a bunch -- their backgrounds, social styles, household lives and households, and the issues in their offspring.
From its first visual appeal in 1832 until eventually the final scares of 1871, cholera aroused worry in British North the US. The affliction killed 20,000 humans and its mental results have been huge, immense. Cholera unsettled governments, undermined the clinical career, uncovered inadequacies in public wellbeing and fitness, and widened the department among wealthy and terrible.
Additional info for Retail Nation: Department Stores and the Making of Modern Canada
Industrialization also increased during this period, as did the populations of major industrial centres. By 1871, the population of Hamilton was 27,000, Saint John was 28,800, Halifax was 29,000, Toronto was 59,000 and Montréal was 115,000. 13 In response to both the increasing availability of goods and their cities’ growing populations, such enterprising merchants as Henry Morgan in Montréal, Timothy Eaton in Toronto, and Robert Simpson in Toronto began enlarging their operations. Morgan’s had opened in 1843 and by the 1870s was Canada’s biggest store.
Coupled with years of prairie drought, these conditions spawned what is rightfully remembered as a decade of deprivation. 8 percent between 1933 and 1939 alone. This seeming discrepancy between job and crop loss, on the one hand, and spending increases, on the other, is explained by the fact that the bourgeoisie and employed petite bourgeoisie continued to spend, even while unemployed workers and crop-less farmers became destitute. Regrettably for department stores, workers and farmers were key customers, and as the fortunes of these groups suffered, so did the fortunes of the big stores.
Each department was then assigned its own sales and clerical staff. Departments such as millinery, dressmaking, and furniture also frequently boasted their own craftspeople. When department store owners’ existing buildings became too cramped, they purchased surrounding properties and added piecemeal expansions to their existing structures. When they accumulated sufficient capital, they then demolished their ad hoc assemblages and in their place constructed massive multistoried buildings. Using the most modern building materials, ventilation and heating systems, lighting techniques, and decor available, these buildings dominated urban landscapes by sheer virtue of their size and architectural beauty.