Reducing the Risks for Substance Abuse: A Lifespan Approach by Raymond P. Daugherty, Carl Leukefeld

By Raymond P. Daugherty, Carl Leukefeld

Authors Raymond P. Daugherty and Carl Leukefeld argue for changing the youth-based, `zero tolerance' method of substance abuse prevention that has been dominant within the box during the last twenty years. Their dynamic substitute is the life-style possibility aid version, which revises regular prevention innovations to cause them to appropriate through the entire lifestyles span. good points of this innovative new paradigm comprise 5 ideas of way of life threat relief (LRR), 5 stipulations of powerful LRR, and the LLR Formulas.

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They largely decide the day-to-day course of their lives; 40 Chapter 2 have significant amounts of expendable income; own their own cars; have their own jobs; and have many other freedoms and benefits of adult life. Why should we be surprised, then, when they adopt the few behaviors we have tried to keep exclusively adult---drinking and sex. If we allow our children more and more adult privileges, and treat them with adult independence, we should expect them to want to adopt these final "adult" behaviors.

For example, use of alcohol may lead to use of marijuana. Use of marijuana, in turn, leads to use of cocaine, and so forth. Those who do not use alcohol are much less likely to use marijuana. S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1996) shows that the relationship between alcohol and marijuana use is not a simple on-and-off switch. Of the 18-25-year-olds who drink alcohol, but never "binge" (drink five or more in one day), about 5 percent also use marijuana. The percentage more than triples among those who sometimes binge, and increases linearly with the frequency of binge drinking.

The prevention path has gone to an unintended destination. We need prevention that will grow with young people. 35 36 Chapter 2 HOW DO WE DESIGN PREVENTION TO GROW WITH YOUTH? Problems do occur and prevention should happen throughout the lifespan. The challenge is to design prevention so that it will "grow" with youth, remaining relevant as they grow into adulthood. Prevention strategies, concepts, and messages should be relevant to all points in the lifespan. At a minimum, prevention that "grows" with young people will prepare them for their futures, and not make them embarrassed about past prevention messages, behaviors, or attitudes.

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