Prehistoric Subsistence on the Southern New England Coast. by David J. Bernstein (Auth.)

By David J. Bernstein (Auth.)

Prehistoric Subsistence at the Southern New England Coast examines long term tendencies in prehistoric subsistence within the Narragensett Bay area of Southern New England. the implications recommend that, not like different components of japanese north the United States, really good agriculutral economies didn't increase during this sector ahead of eu touch. The booklet is out there to either the final reader in addition to students and scholars attracted to consulting the unique facts for his or her personal study and analysis.

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* comprises unique learn in palynology and geomorphology in to an archaeological study

* offers a research of recent shellfish development that's used to interpret the archaeological continues to be came upon at Greenwich Cove

* makes use of a number of animal species to figure out website seasonality

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Additional resources for Prehistoric Subsistence on the Southern New England Coast. Studies from Narrangansett Bay

Sample text

The species exploited early in the Maine sequence [oyster II. EXPLAINING THE BEGINNING OF COASTAL ADAPTATIONS 49 (Crassostrea virginica), blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), and quahog (Mercenaria mercenaria)] are those believed to have lived in relatively shallow water and "on, or just below, the submarine floor" (Snow, 1972:213) ; thus they would be easy to obtain given an unsophisticated, unspecialized gathering technology such as one would expect of a people newly arrived on the coast. Species important later [soft-shelled clam (Mya arenaria) and scallop (Aequipecten irradians) ] would, in Snow's view, have required new developments in both "tools and techniques" in order to be efficiently exploited (Snow, 1972:220).

OCCUPATION II: TERMINAL ARCHAIC The earliest absolutely dated component in the Greenwich Cove midden dates to the Terminal Archaic. P. 1) provides a reasonable estimate of the age of this deposit and for the earliest use of shellfish at the site. The lower midden is unambiguously assignable to this period. It was very easy to identify this stratigraphie unit in the field, and subsequent analysis of artifacts and radiocarbon dating reinforced the initial observations. 7) and in the bottom of three column samples (2, 6, 8).

Such a decrease in wall thickness is present in the Greenwich Cove assemblage (see Section ΙΙΙ,Β). Decorative techniques appear to have varied less over time than temper type or vessel wall thickness, but this impression arises partly because most prehistoric ceramic assemblages consist entirely of small sherds, making it difficult to under­ stand and record large fields of decoration. O n many vessels, multiple techniques were used to produce composite designs, but this information is frequently lost in the typical fragmented archaeological assemblage.

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