Plaquemine Archaeology by Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen

By Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen Williams, Marvin D. Jeter, Douglas C. Wells, Tristram R. Kidder, Malcolm K. Shuman, Richard A. Weinstein, Virgil Roy Beasley III, Lori Roe, Ian W. Brown

Plaquemine, Louisiana, approximately 10 miles south of Baton Rouge at the banks of the Mississippi River, turns out an unassuming southern neighborhood for which to designate a complete tradition. Archaeological examine performed within the area among 1938 and 1941, notwithstanding, printed distinct cultural fabrics that supplied the foundation for distinguishing a distinct cultural manifestation within the decrease Mississippi Valley. Plaquemine used to be first pointed out within the archaeological literature through James Ford and Gordon Willey of their 1941 synthesis of japanese U.S. prehistory. reduce Valley researchers have accordingly grappled with the place to put this tradition within the neighborhood chronology in keeping with its ceramics, earthen mounds, and habitations. Plaquemine cultural fabrics percentage a few features with different neighborhood cultures yet fluctuate considerably from Coles Creek and Mississippian cultures of the Southeast. Plaquemine has hence bought the doubtful contrast of being outlined through the features it lacks, instead of by way of these it possesses. the present quantity brings jointly eleven best students dedicated to laying off new mild on Plaquemine and supplying a clearer knowing of its dating to different local American cultures. it's the first significant booklet to in particular tackle the archaeology of Plaquemine societies. The authors offer an intensive but centred evaluation of past learn, contemporary revelations, and instructions for destiny learn. They current pertinent new info on cultural variability and connections within the decrease Mississippi Valley and interpret the consequences for related cultures and cultural relationships. This quantity eventually locations Plaquemine at the map, incontrovertibly demonstrating the accomplishments and significance of Plaquemine peoples within the lengthy heritage of local North the USA.

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Core Coles Creek region and locations of most sites discussed in the chapter. 2. 2). d. d. 1200/1250–1450). Coles Creek culture is found throughout much of the LMV from the mouth of the Arkansas River to the Gulf of Mexico. 2). Coles Creek occupations are most commonly identi¤ed by their ceramics—grog-tempered wares with decorative motifs and temper characteristics 24 lori roe that distinguish them from earlier types. Ceramics are by far the most abundant artifacts recovered from Coles Creek sites.

Proposed site-formation sequence at Lake Providence (after Weinstein 2005:Figure 14-1). Providence can be attributed to the Preston phase of the terminal Coles Creek period. d. 1150–1260. It was during this relatively short, roughly 100year period that most, if not all, mound and ridge construction took place 46 w ells a nd w einstein and the trash pit in Block 2 was utilized. Certainly the extensive walls and wall-trench structures found in Block 1 date from this time. Given the relatively short Preston phase occupation identi¤ed at the site, plus its occurrence right at the tail end of the Coles Creek period, one would be hard pressed to ¤nd a ceramic assemblage with a more “transitional” look to it.

The size and shape of the structure or structures represented by these posts are not discernable. A possible hearth was uncovered in the southeast quarter of the summit as well. Midden deposits on the mound contained abundant ceramics and faunal remains and smaller amounts of lithics. Analysis of the cultural remains recovered from Mound B is in progress. Initial examination of these remains suggests that Mound B may have been a residential mound. d. 1100–1200. 4. Mound B at Raffman, showing locations of excavations and soil cores.

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