By William O. Dawson (auth.), Kenneth Palmer, Yuri Gleba (eds.)
In this quantity, the authors supply a superb assessment of ways a long way the plant viral vector box has come. The self-discipline is not any longer solely within the area of academics—there is a small, yet growing to be variety of small biotechnology businesses that make the most plant viruses because the platform for advertisement innovation in crop development, business product production, and human and veterinary health and wellbeing care.
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Additional info for Plant Viral Vectors
2a), with ORFs diverging in virion (= V) and complementary (= C) senses from an intergenic region which contains elements of both V- and C- sense promoters, and the origin of replication (= ori). The ori in all cases contains a characteristic stem-loop forming sequence, with the 22 E. P. Rybicki and D. P. ) PreCP (AV2) CR CR CR AC4 Rep (AC1) OW Begomovirus A Component (ACMV DNA A) 2777 TrAP (AC2) Sat-DNA (ToLCV-Au DNA-2) 682 NW Begomovirus A Component (BGMV DNA A) 2644 Rep (AC1) CP (AV1) Begomovirus B Component (BGMV DNA B) 2609 CP (AV1) MPB (BC1) REn (AC3) REn (AC3) NSP (BV1) TrAP (AC2) β Component (AYVV-DNA β) 1347 C1 Nanovirus (MVDV-C1) 1007 Nanovirus-like DNA (AYVV-DNA1) 1367 Rep Begomovirus associated DNAs CP Circovirus (PCV) 1758 Rep Rep Replicons related to geminiviruses (b) DNA-R M-Rep 1003nt DNA-S CP 992nt DNA-N NSP 981nt DNA-U1 U1 986nt DNA-C Clink 994nt DNA-U2 U2 984 nt DNA-M MP 980nt DNA-U4 U4 987 nt invariant nonanucleotide sequence TAATATTAC in the loop forming the genomic (+) strand origin of replication.
P. Rybicki and D. P. Martin where heterodimeric or greater associations are need to produce a functional protein. In the first place, the host range of ssDNA plant viruses is vast: if one only considers crop plants, the range includes such staples as maize, wheat, rice, banana, tomato, potato, cassava, sweet potato, sugar beets, cotton and beans. In one justification for the establishment of BCTV curtovirus as a silencing vector, Golenberg et al. (2009) point out that it infects 41 families of dicotyledonous plants in six subclasses—including several useful and well-characterised production hosts such as Fabaceae and Solanaceae.
CR common region that is nearly identical in the A and B components of bipartite begomoviruses. Genes and parts of genes in the same colour either express or potentially express proteins with detectable sequence homology. Rep replication-associated/ initiator protein gene found in all geminiviruses, circoviruses and nanoviruses. RepA variant of Rep potentially expressed from an unspliced complimentary sense transcript and encoding a multifunctional regulatory protein that is unique to the mastreviruses.