By Juliet E. Morrow, Cristóbal Gnecco
Read Online or Download Paleoindian Archaeology: A Hemispheric Perspective PDF
Similar native american books
Examines the heritage, altering fortunes, and present scenario of the Apache Indians. features a photo essay on their crafts.
In February of 1897 a relations of six--four generations, together with dual toddler sons and their elderly great-grandmother--was brutally murdered in rural North Dakota. The guns used have been a shotgun, an awl, a pitchfork, a spade, and a membership. a number of Dakota Indians from the close by status Rock reservation have been arrested, and one was once attempted, said in charge and sentenced to be hanged.
This learn engages the lifetime of shape in modern cutting edge poetries via either an advent to the newest theories and shut readings of best North American and British cutting edge poets. The severe strategy derives from Robert Sheppard’s axiomatic competition that poetry is the research of advanced modern realities throughout the capacity (meanings) of shape.
*Includes pictures*Describes the historical past and archaeology at every one site*Includes a bibliography for additional readingMany old civilizations have stimulated and encouraged humans within the twenty first century, just like the Greeks and the Romans, yet of all of the world’s civilizations, none have intrigued humans greater than the Mayans, whose tradition, astronomy, language, and mysterious disappearance all proceed to captivate humans.
Additional resources for Paleoindian Archaeology: A Hemispheric Perspective
A well-known shape is that of the so-called Fishtail, or Fell’s Cave projectile point, initially found by Junius Bird in the Palli Aike region, in Chile. Fishtail points have since been recorded at several sites in Patagonia, including Piedra Museo and Cueva del Medio, and at localities around 38 degrees south latitude in Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile (Flegenheimer 1986; Nuñez et al. 1994; Martínez 2001). These points also exhibit wide variation in form, raw material, and size. They have usually been compared to Clovis, but important differences in their morphology (Politis 1991) and reduction sequences (Nami 1996b, 1997) suggest separate origins.
Until recently, Blackwater Draw was the only site with clear stratigraphic superposition of Clovis and Folsom components. However, preliminary reports indicate a Clovis-to-Folsom sequence at the Gault site in Texas (Collins 2002). In southernmost Patagonia, Junius Bird excavated from 1934 to 1936 at Palli Aike Cave and Fell’s Cave. He discovered fluted Fishtail stemmed points in close association with bones of horse, giant sloth, and guanaco (Bird 1938a). Bird guessed that the earliest material might be about 5,400 years old.
Roosevelt’s argument—that Fell I–type points in Central America are not 14C-dated as pre-Holocene—may be technically correct for the moment, but it is logically untenable and will surely be undermined as more dates are obtained (for example, recently reported bracketing dates of circa 9,000–11,500 BP from the lowest stratum with Fishtail points at Cueva de los Vampiros in Panama [Pearson 2002]). The Clovis lithic industry, with its end scrapers, gravers, and other artifacts, is ultimately derived from the Eurasian Upper Paleolithic.