Paediatric Neurology in Clinical General Practice: Common by Richard E. Appleton, A. C . Boudewyn Peters

By Richard E. Appleton, A. C . Boudewyn Peters

The final pediatrician faces an array of medical conditions in medical perform. This quantity is meant to relieve questions about one quarter the final pediatrician faces: universal neurological difficulties. Emphasizing the problems that this kind of practitioner may well face in daily perform, instead of infrequent or strange stipulations, this publication describes the best way to continue with the scientific exam, prognosis and administration of neurological difficulties in little ones. It supplies a normal assessment of more than a few issues, comparable to matches, complications and studying problems, and it additionally instructs the reader while to consult a pediatric neurologist or different expert. each normal pediatrician must have a replica

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Paediatric Neurology in Clinical General Practice: Common Neurological Problems in General Pediatrics

The overall pediatrician faces an array of medical conditions in scientific perform. This quantity is meant to relieve questions about one region the overall pediatrician faces: universal neurological difficulties. Emphasizing the problems that one of these practitioner could face in daily perform, instead of infrequent or strange stipulations, this publication describes tips on how to continue with the medical exam, analysis and administration of neurological difficulties in kids.

Extra resources for Paediatric Neurology in Clinical General Practice: Common Neurological Problems in General Pediatrics

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G. e. e. g. g. hypothyroidism or an tion defect; muscle); nervous system disorder; ligamentous laxity); organic acidaemia). Approximately 80–90% of children who demonstrate hypotonia in the first year of life will be found to have a disorder of the central nervous system or a genetic/chromosomal disorder. The remaining 10–20% will have a peripheral neuromuscular or unidentified condition. The most common peripheral (neuromuscular) causes of a hypotonic and weak infant presenting in the first year of life include: • spinal muscular atrophy (specifically, Type 1 (severe herding – Hoffman disease or Type 2); • congenital myotonic dystrophy; • congenital muscular dystrophy; • one of the congenital myopathies; • a peripheral neuropathy.

Hemianopia); • cranial nerve palsies (particularly the 6th or 7th or 4th if there is a • ataxia; • pyramidal signs. head tilt); Headache and brain tumour • neurological examination: abnormal signs in 90% of children; • symptoms of raised intracranial pressure; • symptoms which localize may be absent; • absence of papilloedema does not exclude raised intracranial pressure. 03 30/07/2002 8 16 am Page 54 54 Common Neurological Problems in General Paediatrics • with atrial/ventriculoperitoneal shunt: malfunctioning with (severe) headache, visual changes or regression of (school) performance.

During ‘daydreaming’ responsiveness to touch or blowing gently on the child’s face is preserved and the child will respond immediately. Play, actions and speech will not be interrupted in mid-action or mid-sentence. School teachers are often the first people to ‘identify’ daydreaming, in particular in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and may misinterpret them as absence seizures. Simple ‘daydreaming’ is particularly common in children when they are tired and are also watching television at the same time, or when they are bored – and this includes the school classroom!

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