By Lewis P. Rowland
NINDS has been probably the most robust automobiles that pulled and driven the increase of contemporary neuroscience. This ebook used to be written in party of the 50th anniversary of the institute. Its background and the heritage of neurology and neuroscience are primarily one. good written, and lavishly followed by means of images that span the final half-century, this e-book may be a great addition to the library of every person in mind study and the medical neurosciences. the 1st part is a heritage of the Institute, beginning with the allowing laws and focusing on the folk who made NINDS a powerhouse of neuroscience learn the solid comprises directors, legislators, scientists and distinct ladies, Mary Lasker and Florence Mahoney. in contrast heritage, the leaders of the intramural software give you the historical past of significant contributions. The a lot higher extramural application encompasses biomedical study facilities during the usa. NINDS has been an immense resource of teaching for easy scientists in neurosciences and the one significant resource in constructing medical research. within the procedure glossy medical neurology and neurosurgery were created. Oral histories supply human phrases for the background. greater than half the publication is dedicated to biographies of scientists whose contributions earned exact popularity by way of Lasker Awards or Nobel Prizes. between them are Kety, Louis Sokoloff, Roscoe Brady, Nancy Wexler, Carleton Gajdusek, Stanley Prusiner, Julius Axelrod, Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel. jointly, their tales supply a historical past of clinical develop. (20100503)
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Extra info for NINDS at 50: Celebrating 50 Years of Brain Research Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
543-545. Reminiscences of Robert H. Felix (February 8, 1963) in the Oral History Collection of Columbia University, New York, Health Science Series (1097); p. 45. Forster F. Telephone interview with author, July 14, 2000. Merritt HH. The Development of Neurology in the Past Fifty Years. In Denny-Brown D, ed. Centennial Anniversary Volume of the American Neurological Association, 1875-1975. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 1975:3-10. Kolb LC. Telephone interview with author, June 13, 2000.
The intramural program has encompassed more than the programs in epilepsy and neuromuscular disease. In the early years, when NINDS was still NINDB, intramural researchers also focused on hearing and blindness. One of the early discoveries was the association between blindness in infants called retrolental fibroplasia and the administration of oxygen to low birth-weight babies. Institute researchers found that proper precautions would prevent this pandemic complication. Additionally, some of the earliest work on the cochlear implant was carried out in NINDB laboratories.
First Steps 1 2 3 4 5 6 31 Kety S. Transcript of Oral Interview with Philip S. Holtzman, 1992. Countway Library of Medicine, Rare Books and Special Collections, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Kety S. Recorded interview with author, April 2, 2000. O’Brien FH, Dekaban AS. Maitland Baldwin, September 29, 1918 – February 9, 1970. Neurology 1971;21:872. Ajmone-Marsan C. National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, National Institutes of Health: clinical neurophysiology and epilepsy in the first 25 years of its intramural program.