By Elizabeth Posthuma Simcoe, Mary Quayle Innis
Elizabeth Simcoe's diary, describing Canada from 1791 to 1796, is historical past written because it used to be being made. Created principally whereas she used to be seated in canoes and bateaux, the diary records nice occasions in a well-recognized method and opens our eyes to an aspect of Canadian background that's too little shown.
During her time in top Canada (now Ontario), Mrs. Simcoe encountered interesting figures, this kind of explorer, Alexander Mackenzie, and Mohawk leader, Joseph Brant. She took specific curiosity within the First international locations humans, the social customs of the early settlers, and the wildlife of a land that contained a trifling 10, 000 non-Natives in 1791. the world she saw so vividly used to be fairly alien to a lady used to an international of ball robes, servants, and comfort in England, however the lieutenant-governor's spouse used to be made up of stern stuff and embraced her new surroundings with take pleasure in, leaving us with an account instilled with pleasure and enjoyment at every little thing she witnessed.
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Arthur Herman contends that the Scottish Enlightenment’s insistence that people of different places and periods shared a common humanity, a universal human nature shaped by environment and development, rendered them “largely immune to racial theories of White supremacy” (though not of cultural supremacy). This was not a phenomenon unique to North America. 76 Michael Fry, no mistyeyed romantic when it comes to the Scots’ role in imperialism, also notes the legendary adaptability of Scots in other cultures: While in the pages of Rudyard Kipling or John Buchan we can read legends of Scotsmen who turned themselves into Asian khans or gods on Paciﬁc Islands, in real life there was nothing more striking than this afﬁnity of the Scots and Native Americans.
54 Colonization worked along class and regional, as well as racial, lines. Highland Scots fared differently from Lowland Scots, and Highland peasants differently from Highland landlords. Like the children who worked twelve to fourteen hours a day in British textile mills producing inexpensive 14 white people, indians, and highlanders cloth, the Indians who bought the products of this child labor by overhunting were simultaneously participants in and victims of a colonial system that affected lives on both continents.
The fort at Inverness, which had been demolished, was rebuilt. ”29 Extending English rule meant curbing the power of the clan chiefs, imposing law and order in a lawless region, and rooting out recalcitrant tribes. Clan Campbell and the earls of Argyll stood ready to assist. Attaching their fortunes to the English government, they destroyed their rivals. “My family had always taken the side of the Crown in its contests to secure a central and national government,” wrote George Douglas Campbell, eighth Duke of Argyll in the nineteenth century.