By Catherine Eagleton, Harcourt Fuller
That includes 12 papers from the 'Money in Africa' convention held on the British Museum, this quantity brings jointly an interdisciplinary team of students to think about the position that cash and alternate performs in our figuring out of African historical past. starting from the tenth century advert to the current day, the chapters hide the pre-colonial and colonial currencies of Africa, together with copper, cowry shells, beads, manillas and gin; and cash, counterfeiting, banking and the symbolism of cash in glossy Africa.
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Additional resources for Money in Africa (British Museum Research Publication)
A more comprehensive explanation of the continuous fluctuations in the bead demand could come from the analysis of the role of glass beads as money. We have noted in the previous section that the circulation of different types of glass beads was strictly related to the presence of a multilayered market in the interior, in which glass beads played the role of an intermediary currency among different networks of trade. Cloth was also accepted as currency in these trade networks, but glass beads, with their range of colours and their assortment, were more suitable to respond to the variety of the local demands.
86 Stanley 2006, 32. 87 For example, Stanley 1875,204, asked to caravan leaders, Becker 1887, vol. I, 470, to porters and Burton 1859, 423 to Arab traders. 88 Burton 1859, 427; Stanley 2006, 31. 89 Livinhac, 1879; Harding 1962, 104; Stanley 2006, 32–33. 90 Bennett 1970, 5. 91 Livinhac, 1879. 92 Sciama 1998, 18. 93 Broyon-Mirambo 1877–1878. 94 Stanley 2006, 347; Harding 1962, 106. 95 Cameron and Markham 1874, 199. 96 Speke 1864. 97 Stanley 2006, 421. 98 Prestholdt 2004. 99 Dubin 1987. 100 Sciama 1998, 27.
Sunseri 2007. Nolan 1977, 43. Holmes 1971. See Roberts 1970, for a detailed account of Nyamwezi interregional trade and its connection to long-distance trade. Thomson 1968, 46. Menard 1880–1881. Roberts 1970, 45. Sutton and Roberts 1968. Following Kuroda 2007, 89, the Maria Theresa thaler was first minted in Vienna in 1751 and continued to be minted after the death of the Empress in 1780; in the Red Sea region it was still popular during WW II. 19 According to Sheriff 1987, XIX, the universal rupee was established in 1836, but its value fluctuated until 1899.