Many Visions, Many Aims(TIMSS Volume 2): A Cross-National by William H. Schmidt, Senta A. Raizen, Edward D. Britton, W.H.

By William H. Schmidt, Senta A. Raizen, Edward D. Britton, W.H. Schmidt, S. Raizen, E.D. Britton, Leonard J. Bianchi, Richard G. Wolfe

Which objectives and criteria consultant technological know-how schooling around the global? this primary record of the 3rd overseas arithmetic and technological know-how examine (TIMSS) explores this query by way of reading the wealthy info accrued within the TIMSS Curriculum research. this can be a examine with no precedent in scale or aspect. It contains an exhaustive, page-by-page stock of technological know-how content material and different pedagogical features accrued from 1000s of textbooks and curriculum courses from virtually 50 international locations. those info rfile many very important positive factors of those nations' arithmetic schooling curricula. The publication examines vital positive factors of curriculum coverage around the TIMSS nations, specifically the function of textbooks and curriculum publications. It additionally portrays similarities and variations in technology curricula within the succession of goals throughout grades. also, it information features of the technological know-how curriculum as embodied in textbooks and curriculum publications meant for decide on grades. This booklet can be of curiosity to a person involved in technological know-how schooling criteria, curriculum coverage, cross-national academic comparisons, and technological know-how pedagogy.

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Extra info for Many Visions, Many Aims(TIMSS Volume 2): A Cross-National Investigation of Curricular Intentions in School Science

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They structured and used their curriculum guides and textbooks differently; they sequenced their content differently; they had different coverage of science content areas; and they held different expectations of student performance, both globally and within any given topic. This chapter elucidates some of the key differences and basic similarities across TIMSS countries. This information provides a context against which to understand and evaluate the more detailed curriculum-specific findings outlined in section III.

Schooling typically is segmented into two or three clusters of adjacent grades — primary or elementary school, lower secondary school, and upper secondary school. These groupings can reflect differing schooling approaches, policies, resource distributions, student peers, educational opportunity distributions, and other differentiations in schooling possibilities. Groupings differed considerably among TIMSS countries. More than a third of tries had about six or seven grades of primary schooling, followed by two or three lower secondary and 3 or 4 years of upper secondary.

This ranged from 12 years in two countries (Belgium and Germany) to 5 years in Colombia. About half of the countries required children to attend school for either 9 or 10 years. There was more similarity in the total number of years children would have to remain in school to complete primary and secondary education — that is, in the total years of schooling provided by TIMSS countries. The majority required 12 years to complete schooling through upper secondary, and another 13 countries required 13 years.

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