By Allan Borowski
Elevated durability could be a key picking consider the form of Australian society within the twenty first century. It poses a chain of demanding situations, possibilities and coverage matters for society in most cases and for presidency specifically. toughness and Social switch in Australia covers quite a lot of concerns, together with well-being, retirement earning, elderly care, family members kin, employment, housing and city making plans.
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Extra info for Longevity and Social Change in Australia
For example, the Productivity Commission report projects male participation rates between the ages of 30 and 54 to fall sharply. Given government policy, there seems no logical reason for this other than that it is the result of a statistical projection that inputs only past trends. 16). indd 35 6/3/07 3:46:40 PM 36 longevity and social change in australia example, Burtles 2005) of analyses undertaken elsewhere in response to proponents of the view that population ageing represents a serious economic threat.
This leaves the final P, productivity. Productivity is sometimes narrowly conceived as output per hour of work, providing a focus upon reform of the labour market. In the area of ageing, increased productivity is more a matter of society-wide, institutional arrangements, such as better and more efficient delivery of health care, more efficient infrastructure, and so on. The following chapters of this book address ways in which Australia could improve its productivity in aged support while at the same time increasing the wellbeing of older people.
International migration Australia is a country of immigrants. It has had an active immigration program since the latter part of the 1940s and almost one-quarter of the population is overseas-born. Over the last decade, net migration (the excess of arrivals over departures) has ranged from a low of 46 500 in 1993–94 to a high of almost 118 000 in 2003–04 (ABS 2006). Australia’s population growth has mainly come from natural increase (the excess of births over deaths), although there have been some years in which net migration has been a larger contributor to population growth than natural increase.