Les Écossais: The Pioneer Scots of Lower Canada, 1763-1855 by Lucille H. Campey

By Lucille H. Campey

This is the 1st totally documented account, produced nowa days, of the migration of Scots to reduce Canada. Scots have been within the vanguard of the early inflow of British settlers, which started within the overdue eighteenth century. John Nairne and Malcolm Fraser have been of the 1st Highlanders to make their mark at the province, arriving at l. a. Malbaie quickly after the Treaty of Paris in 1763. through the early 1800s many Scottish settlements were shaped alongside the north facet of the Ottawa River, within the Chateauguay Valley to the southwest of Montreal, and within the Gaspe zone. Then, as financial stipulations within the Highlands and Islands deteriorated by means of the overdue 1820s, huge numbers of Hebridean crofters settled within the japanese Townships. the 1st crew got here from Arran and the later arrivals from Lewis.

Les Ecossais have been pleased with their Scottish traditions and customs, these dwelling reminders of the previous state which were left in the back of. in spite of everything they turned assimilated into Quebec’s French-speaking society, yet alongside the best way they'd a big impact at the province’s early improvement. How have been les Ecossais appeared via their French neighbours? have been they winning pioneers? In her publication, Lucille H. Campey assesses their effect as she unravels their tale. Drawing from a variety of interesting assets, she considers the method of cost and the tough realities of existence within the New global. She explains how Quebec province got here to procure its special Scottish groups and gives new insights on their stories and achievements.

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Early Arrivals, 1763-1803 31 The McLeod business was initially centred in Charlevoix County at Port-au-Persil, Portau-Saumon and the Riviere-Noire (Figure 3). By staking his claim to the vast forested area stretching westward from the Riviere Ha! Ha! to the Riviere Peribonka on the north side of Lac Saint-Jean, McLeod was able to move the focus of his business to the upper Saguenay. Convincing twentythree of his Charlevoix men to move to the much larger mills, which he and his father had built at the mouth of Riviere du Moulin, McLeod provided himself with a ready-made Peter McLeod (1808-1852), workforce.

49 It had always been Haldimand's intention to move many of the Loyalists from the Richelieu River area to the upper St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario regions, and he achieved this objective to a large extent in 1784. 51 Having received favourable reports about the farming and fishing opportunities which the region offered, Haldimand arranged for some three hundred and fifty Loyalists to be sent there in 1784. "53 A few more Loyalists followed that same year bringing the total to just over four hundred.

Establishing distinctive Highland communities, they 34 LESECOSSAIS attracted a steady stream of followers. 4 As it gathered pace, the exodus was seen as a fearsome development by most high-ranking Scots. Because it enticed good people away to foreign countries, they looked upon emigration as an evil which had to be stopped. 6 But it resumed its upward trend, following the temporary peace of 1801, and, as it did, the ruling classes in Scotland did everything in their power to stop it. By this time Knoydart had lost a third of its population while Glenelg was also contributing large numbers of people to the emigration movement.

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