Irish and Scottish Encounters with Indigenous Peoples: by Graeme Morton, David A. Wilson

By Graeme Morton, David A. Wilson

The enlargement of the British Empire in the course of the eighteenth and 19th centuries created the best mass migration in human heritage, within which the Irish and Scots performed a vital, complicated, and arguable function. The essays during this quantity discover the varied encounters Irish and Scottish migrants had with Indigenous peoples in North the USA and Australasia. The Irish and Scots have been one of the so much energetic and enthusiastic members in what one contributor describes as "the maximum unmarried interval of land robbery, cultural pillage, and informal genocide in international history." while, a few settlers tried to appreciate Indigenous society instead of ruin it, whereas others included a romanticized view of Natives right into a radical critique of ecu society, and others nonetheless empathized with Natives as fellow sufferers of imperialism. those essays examine the level to which the situation of being Irish and Scottish affected settlers' attitudes to Indigenous peoples, and think about the political, social, non secular, cultural, and financial dimensions in their interactions. featuring numerous viewpoints, the editors achieve the provocative end that the Scottish and Irish origins of settlers have been less significant in making a choice on attitudes and behavior than have been the categorical conditions during which these settlers came across themselves at varied occasions and locations in North the United States, Australia and New Zealand. members contain Donald Harman Akenson (Queen's), John Eastlake (College Cork), Marjory Harper (Aberdeen), Andrew Hinson (Toronto), Michele Holmgren (Mount Royal), Kevin Hutchings (Northern British Columbia), Anne Lederman (Royal Conservatory of Music), Patricia A. McCormack (Alberta), Mark G. McGowan (Toronto), Ann McGrath (Australian National), Cian T. McMahon (Nevada), Graeme Morton (Guelph), Michael Newton (Xavier), Pádraig Ó Siadhail (Saint Mary's), Brad Patterson (Victoria collage of Wellington), Beverly Soloway (Lakehead), and David A. Wilson (Toronto).

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2 One can easily compile a list of more than 100 books and articles that incorporate this estimate. They run from Frank Thistlethwaite’s paper that began the modern era of European diaspora research to state-of-the-art econometric histories by Jeffrey Williamson. See Thistlethwaite, “Migration from Europe Overseas,” 35; and Hatton and Williamson, Age of Mass Migration, 3, where the number is 55 million for 1850–1914. See also O’Rourke and Williamson, Globalization and History, 119, where the number is 60 million for 1820–1920, a comparable figure.

1, 21. ” Slavery ended in Brazil in 1888, in Puerto Rico in 1876, and in Cuba in 1886. On the entire history of abolitionism, see Drescher, Abolition. One should add that in addition to illegal transatlantic slavery (in unknown fugitive numbers), a transpacific trade existed, the so-called “blackbirding,” which consisted of the seizure of Melanesians and Polynesians and their sale to South Americans in the last one-third of the nineteenth century. Eltis, “Free and Coerced,” table 1, 256. , table 3, 278.

10 All of this is consequential for contextualizing the Great European Migration because one would like to know with some rough accuracy the dimensions of the Indigenous populations of the Americas that the Europeans encountered in the early 1800s, what was done to these populations by early Contact, and what continued to occur throughout the nineteenth century. The evidentiary base is simply stated. It is five-fold. First, occasional direct estimates of segments of the Aboriginal population were made by contemporaries – priests and military and civil officials.

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