By Melvin J. Hinich
Read or Download Ideology and the Theory of Political Choice PDF
Similar elections books
As Washington elites drifted towards ideological poles during the last few a long time, did usual americans stick to their lead? within the Partisan kind, Matthew Levendusky finds that we've got answered to this trend—but now not, for the main half, through turning into extra severe ourselves. whereas polarization has filtered all the way down to a small minority of electorate, it additionally has had the extra major influence of reconfiguring the best way we style ourselves into political events.
The valuable quandary of realizing Political swap is to discover the social and political resources of electoral switch in Britain. From the Labour successes of the Sixties during the reemergence of the Liberals as a countrywide strength in 1974 and the increase and fall of the SDP to the aptitude emergence of the fairway celebration within the Nineties, Dr Heath and his collaborators chart the regularly altering mold of British politics.
Girls in Legislative illustration: Electoral structures, Political events, and intercourse Quotas supplies an entire and overseas viewpoint at the share and influence of ladies in nationwide parliaments. extra accurately, it seeks to spot the criteria that impact the proportion of woman parliamentarians, paying specific recognition to the electoral procedure.
Extra resources for Ideology and the Theory of Political Choice
In standard economic terms, this process equates social marginal benefits and 32 Ideology and the Theory of Political Choice marginal costs by vertically summing the demand curves of each individual. This Lindahl tax price system is illustrated in figure 2: each of the tax shares, t, and t2> is precisely the consumer's marginal evaluation of the optimal quantity D*, and t, + t2 = t, the total cost of the program. It would appear that this procedure establishes, at least in principle, the possibility of a disaggregated, individualistic solution to the public goods problem.
The number of cases where P = 1, assuming perfect information, is vanishingly small. Suppose that the individual conceives of the actual electorate (that is, those who actually vote, rather than those who are eligible) as a random sample from the eligible electorate. Suppose, further, that the polls show that the election is a dead heat between candidates Theta and Psi. The probability of an actual tie in any realization of the random variable "margin" (V 9, or vote for Theta, minus V oJ" or vote for Psi) then has an error determined by the sample size.
Conversely, even an enormous quantity of money, used to advertise an ideology in every conceivable forum, is of little use unless the message is effective. Money does not rule the mind, and the mind motivates political action by individuals. We must add money, or (better) political resources generally, to our list of necessary conditions for success. But we must also emphasize that while a campaign to popularize an ideology may founder on the reefs of poverty, it may not sail through on monsoons of money alone.