How the Vote Was Won: Woman Suffrage in the Western United by Rebecca Mead

By Rebecca Mead

By way of the top of 1914, nearly each Western country and territory had enfranchised its woman electorate within the maximum innovation in participatory democracy given that Reconstruction. those Western successes stand in profound distinction to the East, the place few girls voted till after the ratification of the 19th modification in 1920, and the South, the place African-American males have been systematically disenfranchised. How did the frontier West jump sooner than the remainder of the kingdom within the enfranchisement of the vast majority of its citizens?In this provocative new examine, Rebecca J. Mead indicates that Western suffrage happened because the results of the unsettled country of local politics, the advanced nature of Western race relatives, wide alliances among suffragists and farmer-labor-progressive reformers, and complex activism via Western girls. She highlights suffrage racism and elitism as significant difficulties for the circulation, and locations precise emphasis at the political adaptability of Western suffragists whose improvisational strategies earned them progress.A interesting tale, formerly missed, How the Vote was once received reintegrates this significant area into nationwide suffrage historical past and is helping clarify the final word good fortune of this radical reform.

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Judge Joseph S. Wallace) and Sarah Knox-Goodrich. Wallis was the only other woman on the platform at Gordon’s first San Francisco suffrage speech, and the two women collaborated on efforts to reform married women’s property acts in the 1870s and early 1880s. Knox-Goodrich, the former widow of a state legislator, was also an experienced lobbyist who helped win an 1874 bill allowing women to run for (but not vote for) local school boards. 28 The previous year, KnoxGoodrich “determined to make a manifestation” on the Fourth of July, covered her house with banners, filled her carriage with prominent friends, and joined the holiday procession.

Noting their capacity for hard work, Churchill dismissed as “largely arbitrary . . ’”57 This Social Darwinist phrase, ubiquitous in Gilded Age discourse, signaled strong racial-ethnic prejudices and fears. Churchill repeatedly recommended woman suffrage as a way to uplift the entire “race” as well as guarantee economic and political justice for women. 58 Yet her attitudes toward her racial-ethnic neighbors were often ambivalent. Like many westerners, she was hostile toward the Native Americans while they posed a real threat, but condescending once native resistance had been suppressed.

In the early 1870s, these long-winded gentlemen (described in the local press as “gas-pipes”) tried to dominate the state suffrage organization. Anthony and Stanton encouraged Schenck to persevere, but she soon resigned the presidency. Her successor was Marietta Stow, who also quickly resigned, protesting 22 | Early Western Suffragists criticism of her management. Stow remained a colorful San Francisco character for many years, but she never rejoined the organized state suffrage movement. 21 Laura DeForce Gordon confronted the Ames-Collins faction at the state suffrage convention in January 1870.

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