HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia - ISBN: 0821356879 by Anatoly Vinokur, Thomas Novotny, Joana Godinho, Hiwote

By Anatoly Vinokur, Thomas Novotny, Joana Godinho, Hiwote Tadesse

HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in primary Asia: nation Profiles is a part of the area financial institution operating Paper sequence. those papers are released to speak the result of the Bank's ongoing study and to stimulate public discussion.

The international locations of significant Asia are nonetheless on the earliest level of an HIV/AIDS epidemic. in spite of the fact that, the sector is experiencing steep progress of latest HIV situations; comparable epidemics of injected drug use, sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis; a excessive percent of teenybopper within the overall inhabitants; and occasional degrees of information in regards to the epidemics. HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis may have devastating results on human capital, monetary improvement, and well-being method reform.

To tackle this coming near near obstacle, the realm financial institution has initiated the learn of HIV/AIDS, STIs, and tuberculosis in important Asia. This examine provides state profiles that have been built to notify international financial institution administration and different stakeholders concerning the major features of the epidemics. The profiles conceal epidemiology; strategic and regulatory frameworks; surveillance; preventive, diagnostic, and remedy actions; non-governmental and associate actions; and on hand assets. The record summarizes the most matters pointed out via this preliminary overview and recommends additional research and motion.

Show description

Read Online or Download HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia - ISBN: 0821356879 PDF

Best viral books

The Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology

The table Encyclopedia of Microbiology goals to supply an inexpensive and prepared entry to a wide number of microbiological subject matters inside of one set of covers. this convenient desk-top reference brings jointly a very good choice of paintings through the pinnacle scientists within the box. overlaying themes starting from the fundamental technological know-how of microbiology to the present "hot" issues within the box.

Encyclopedia of infectious diseases

This can be virtually a exclusive publication (encyclopedia of infectious illnesses geared toward the proverbial 'intelligent layman'), and is strangely difficult to discover at the retail industry. each one affliction access has an advent through sections on indicators and diagnostic course, cures and outlook, and chance components and preventive measures.

Pulmonary Infection: An Atlas of Investigation and Management

Infections of the lung make up an important percentage of the paintings of the breathing and infectious ailment medical professional. Drawing at the illustrative assets of the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, this superbly offered atlas presents a visible method of the subject. Dr Hill has chosen a variety of image photos so that it will allow the consumer to determine examples of either the infrequent and standard manifestations of those issues.

HIV and Young People: Risk and Resilience in the Urban Slum

Revisiting the considering on vulnerability to HIV and threat of an infection, this publication presents higher realizing through contemplating the chance of HIV an infection along notions of private and collective resilience, dignity and humiliation.

Additional info for HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia - ISBN: 0821356879

Example text

To meet these objectives, the following main strategies of response against HIV were developed: ■ Improving the legal basis related to HIV/AIDS. This includes strengthening measures to ensure the constitutionally guaranteed rights and freedoms of citizens, including those who engage in risky behaviors and HIV-infected persons; ■ Improving national policy and practices to support relations between the Government, civil society, and groups which engage in risky behavior; 30 WORLD BANK WORKING PAPER ■ Developing and implementing educational programs and establishing an information environment that promotes an understanding of the HIV/AIDS issue and the hazards of risky behavior; ■ Improving the performance of health services, quality control of medical and hygienic goods, and monitoring and evaluation of the situation with respect to the HIV/AIDS epidemic; ■ Strengthening the organization of management, coordination, and performance of preventive programs on HIV/AIDS.

Furthermore, Trust Points need to be evaluated and scaled up to cover more clients. The Soros Foundation/OSI has undertaken a study to determine coverage and effectiveness of these programs for the highly vulnerable populations in Kazakhstan. In 2001, around 1 million syringes and condoms were distributed, but overall, only about 10 percent of the estimated 250,000 IDUs and 50,000 CSWs have had access to programs. A network of Narcology Dispensaries deals with treatment and rehabilitation of drug users, but these programs are not able to provide sufficient services to the growing number of IDUs, nor are they sufficiently integrated into surveillance systems or VCT programs.

Although the Kazakhstan National TB Program claims adherence to the DOTS strategy, including passive case detection by sputum microscopy, X-ray mass screening is still excessively and inappropriately applied (Table 14). In 2001, approximately two-thirds of the entire adult population was screened through more than 5 million MMRs (mass screening by miniature radiography -fluorography). This amounted to 517 MMRs per TB case detected. Thirty digital fluorography machines were procured in 2001. With similar treatment success rates in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic, average length of hospital stay per patient treated is noticeably higher in Kazakhstan than in Kyrgyz Republic, 92 and 74 days respectively, suggesting significant over-utilization of hospital-based facilities in Kazakhstan.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.96 of 5 – based on 3 votes