By CBE FRCN, Robert J. Pratt
HIV & AIDS: A origin for Nursing and well-being Care perform is predicated on an stronger needs-based version of nursing, offering a entire connection with the complete spectrum of HIV affliction for nurses, midwives and different healthcare pros.
Now thoroughly re-written and up to date, the fifth version of this hugely profitable textual content offers a brand new knowing of the problems in the back of the epidemic. The dynamics of technology using sufferer results, together with epidemiology, retrovirology, immunology and pathogenesis, are sincerely defined and made available, to supply a valid facts base for making potent medical perform judgements.
Major new chapters discover find out how to support sufferers adhere to therapy, find out how to suggest sufferers on complementary and substitute medication (CAM) ways to treatment and, importantly, the problems confronting nurses, midwives and different well-being care execs within the constructing global.
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Additional info for HIV & AIDS, 5Ed: a foundation for nursing and healthcare practice
E. close, intimate contact where blood or semen is exchanged, and both target the same host cells for infection. HIV-2 is signiﬁcantly less transmissible than HIV-1, both from mother to child (vertical transmission) and between sexual partners. e. it takes more exposures over a longer period of time to become infected with HIV-2. Following infection with HIV-2, the level of virus in the blood is much lower than in those infected with HIV-1. HIV-2 also seems less virulent than HIV-1, but still causes disease.
It is probable that these retroviruses are the progenitor viruses from which HIV either mutated or recombined into the human population. Humans may have been exposed to these viruses as a result of killing and butchering monkeys. In doing so, blood from an SIV-infected non-human primate could have infected a human through non-intact skin on the hands. Once SIV had gained entry to the human body, it found it could thrive in what was, after all, simply a closely related primate species. e. a zoonosis, refers to any disease or infection that may be transmitted between animals and humans under natural conditions.
13. Pavlakis GN. The molecular biology of human immunodeﬁciency virus type 1. In: DeVita VT Jr, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA (eds), AIDS: Etiology, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention, 4th edn. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott-Raven, 1997, 45–74. 14. Geleziunas R, Greene WC. Molecular insights into HIV-1 infection and pathogenesis. In: Sande MA, Volberding PA (eds), The Medical Management of AIDS, 5th edn. , 1999, 22–39. 15. Nahmias AJ, Weiss J, Yao X et al. Evidence for human infection with an HTLVIII/LAV-like virus in Central Africa, 1959.