By Dr. Vern L. Bengtson PhD, Dr. Richard Settersten Jr PhD
The lengthy awaited sequel to Birren and Bengtson's landmark textual content, EMERGENT THEORIES OF getting older has arrived. devoted to James E. Birren, this quantity keeps to discover and extend upon the bases of theory-building and study layout in getting older. well known researchers study organic, biomedical, mental, and social technological know-how innovations and theories. moreover, this quantity includes a new part that explores the potentials for winning interventions by way of making use of theories to gerontological perform, public coverage, and psychological healthiness and getting older. this article is a precious source for gerontologists, lecturers, psychologists, and graduate-level students.
Contributors contain: James Birren, Gary Kenyon, Caleb Finch, Diana Woodruff-Pak, Paul B. Baltes, Margret Baltes, Laura Carstensen, Timothy Salthouse, Gisela Labouvie-Vief, Christine Fry, Dale Dannefer, Margaret Gatz, between others.
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Extra info for Handbook of Theories of Aging
1996). Disciplining old age: The formation of gerontological knowledge. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia. Kuhn, M. (1983). Remarks to symposium at the Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 21. Kuhn, T. (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. New York: Norton. Lynott, R. , & Lynott, P. P. (1996). Tracing the course of theoretical development in the sociology of aging. The Gerontologist, 35(6), 749-760. Lyotard, J-F. (1984). The postmodern condition.
Analysts must constantly remind themselves that aging may be a universal phenomenon but its impact and meaning are mediated by economic, structural, and cultural factors. No text should be taken merely at face value. To make sense of the historic literature, its purpose and function, the conventions of genre and style, and the meaning of meaning during the period when a particular tract was created must be part of the analytic frame (Hendricks & Leedham, 1989). From the distillations that early gerontologists provided arise three generalizations about the foundations of gerontological theory-building before the 20th century: 1.
Postmodernists question the "metanarratives" that provide a context for theorizing. These "foundational discourses" are attacked for trying and failing to justify the legitimacy of Enlightenment traditions (Lyotard, 1984). The modernist idealization of reason as the key to enlightened society is rejected by postmodernist scholars, who tend to view science and social control, or knowledge and power, as inexorably linked (Foucault, 1972,1973). Their "deconstructionist" critique of western philosophy cuts through the sterilized image of science.