Handbook of Electoral System Choice by J. Colomer

By J. Colomer

The subject of electoral reform is a really well timed one. The speeded up enlargement of the variety of new democracies on the planet generates expanding calls for for recommendation at the selection of electoral ideas; even as, a brand new reformism in good confirmed democracies seeks new formulation favoring either extra consultant associations and extra liable rulers. This ebook addresses the theoretical and comparative problems with electoral reform in terms of democratization, political recommendations in confirmed democracies and the relative functionality of other electoral platforms. Case reports on almost each significant democracy or democratizing kingdom on this planet are incorporated.

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From single-winner to multiple-winner rules Roughly speaking, and according to the classification and analysis that will be extensively developed below, electoral systems based on the majority principle, which tend to produce a single, absolute winner and subsequent absolute losers, must be considered a more risky choice than those based, say, on proportional representation, a principle forged to create multiple partial winners and much fewer losers than majority rule. Within each of these two principles, different formulas and voting procedures may also make a difference with regard to risk.

Certainly, political leaders and organizations can also learn from their own experience of tentative, failed or mistaken decisions and progressively refine their later choices – as clearly Strategy and History of Electoral System Choice 9 happened, for instance, in Poland in the post-Communist period (as explained by Marek Kaminski in his chapter). Reactive choices, however, can also forge fortunate new inventions able to produce widely satisfactory results which become reinforced through use or which may even be imported from elsewhere.

Dissent and disagreement were dominated by passionate condemnations under the assumption that ‘vox populi, vox Dei’ (taken from the Bible: ‘the voice of the people . . is the voice of the Lord’, Isaiah 66: 6; also I Samuel 8: 7). In the first centuries of the Christian era it had been customary for bishops and other clerical bosses to appoint their successors, although a few choices by unanimous agreement under the direct inspiration of the Holy Spirit are recorded during the second and third centuries – including the descent of a dove to land upon the head of the selected candidate.

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