Forts of the American Frontier 1776-1891: California, by Ron Field

By Ron Field

This identify explores the contribution made via settlers, explorers, investors and goldseekers of varied international locations to the nascent structure of the West Coast of the U.S.. In doing so, it charts the growth westwards of these who claimed new land as their very own, and defended it with forts and blockhouses, and the ensuing conflicts with indigenous local American peoples. filled with unique illustrations, this publication offers a desirable research of the westward enhance of recent the US, and covers websites corresponding to fortress element on the front to San Francisco Bay, the Presidio of San Francisco, castle Guijarros in San Diego, California, fortress Humboldt in Eureka, California, Sutter's fortress, the 19th-century agricultural and exchange colony in California, and fortress Vancouver nationwide old web site in Washington and Oregon.

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Extra resources for Forts of the American Frontier 1776-1891: California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (Fortress)

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The other posts established to police this reservation were forts Yamhill and Umpqua. Among other parade-ground forts in Oregon, Fort Lane was begun in 1853, and named after Brigadier-General Joseph Lane, the first territorial governor of Oregon. ” Fort Lane was abandoned in 1856. One of the earliest military posts in northern California, Fort Reading was named after Major Pierson B. Reading, paymaster of the California Volunteers during the Mexican–American War and pioneer settler in California.

Distinguished by crenellations on its adobe upper floor and lookout tower or bastion, the commanding officer’s quarters stands at the end of the small parade ground. (California State Military Museum) Published in the Illustrated London News on May 24, 1873, Lake Tule is seen in the background of this engraving showing Camp Van Bremer, which served as the headquarters for operations against the Modoc in the Lava Beds on the California–Oregon border. Note the earthwork redoubt at center left and the tents set out around a parade ground at center right.

Observing its deterioration, the citizens of Dayton lobbied to rescue and remove it to the Dayton City Park as a memorial to Joel Palmer, their most prominent citizen. The Yamhill Blockhouse was moved by horse-drawn wagons to Dayton on June 9, 1911, and re-erected the following year. It still stands there today. The original blockhouse, plus several other structures including the Royal Marine Cemetery, still occupies the site at English Camp on San Juan Island as part of the San Juan Island Historical Park maintained by the National Park Service.

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