By R. Michael Alvarez
Because the 2000 presidential election, the us has been embroiled in debates approximately digital vote casting. Critics say the recent applied sciences invite tampering and fraud. Advocates say they increase the accuracy of vote counts and make casting ballots easier--and eventually foster better political participation. digital Elections cuts in the course of the media spin to evaluate the benefits and hazards linked to alternative ways of casting ballots--and indicates how e-voting will be the way forward for American democracy. Elections via nature are fraught with danger. Michael Alvarez and Thad corridor totally study the diversity of previous equipment and the hot applied sciences which were created to attempt to reduce chance and adequately mirror the desire of electorate. Drawing upon a wealth of latest facts on how other forms of digital balloting machines have played in fresh elections national, they evaluation the safety matters which have been the topic of lots media awareness, and view the affects the hot computer-based recommendations is having on voter participation. Alvarez and corridor clarify why some great benefits of e-voting can outweigh the demanding situations, and so they argue that media insurance of the recent applied sciences has emphasised their difficulties whereas almost ignoring their huge, immense capability for empowering extra voters to vote. The authors additionally supply how one can enhance vote casting applied sciences and to enhance more advantageous technique of imposing and comparing those platforms. digital Elections makes a case for the way e-voting can paintings within the usa, displaying why making it paintings correct is vital to the longer term vibrancy of the democratic method.
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Extra info for Electronic Elections: The Perils and Promises of Digital Democracy
Cox selected the AccuVote touch screen voting system, produced by Diebold. The effect of Georgia’s transition to a uniform computerized poll site voting system has been a sweeping reduction in Georgia’s residual vote rate. Stewart compared the 2002 statewide races in Georgia relative to the same sort of races that had been held in 1998 and found that in every case the residual vote rate had declined, in some cases substantially. 9 percentage points, respectively, for example. In some downballot races, such as state school superintendent, some counties experienced reductions in the residual vote rate from more than 25 percent to less than 5 percent from 1998 to 2002.
Punch card voting systems have seen a similar decline, though not as dramatic as paper ballots or lever voting machines. We see an explosion in the use of optically scanned ballots after 1988 and a strong increase in the use of electronic or DRE voting systems from 2000 to 2004. Clearly, after the 2000 presidential election, election officials throughout the nation have moved rapidly to acquire one of the other two voting technologies that are based on some form of electronic technologies—optical scans or true electronic voting devices.
We discuss this debate fully in the next chapter. Computers in Poll Sites? Many election officials and advocacy groups have pushed for further computerization of poll site voting, but the rationales of this computerization must be considered. One computerized voting device used in poll sites is the optical scan ballot, in which voters mark their choices on paper ballots that are tabulated by a computerized device. Here, although much of the election administration process is dominated by electronic and computerized technology, the voter is still largely interacting with a piece of paper.