By Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson
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Extra resources for Early Human Occupation in British Columbia
Many bison and large artiodactyl bones display spiral fractures, some with a well-defined point of impact, which has also been cited as good evidence for smashing of bones by humans (Binford 1981). However, one cannot be completely certain that the bison and large artiodactyl bones arrived at their ultimate location as a result of human activity. A number of specimens demonstrate good evidence for carnivore chewing (Table 2). Unfortunately, on no specimens do the carnivore marks and cut marks overlap, and one cannot determine positively whether humans or carnivores modified the bison bones first.
The crest of the hill where the Scottsbluff point was found is the highest point of land at the site which extends from there several hundred feet downslope toward the viewer. Lower: Test trench near the site datum. The dark layer in the profile is the original surface and is covered by overburden from access road construction. Artifacts originated from the thin white layer immediately below the dark layer. 31 Ian R. Wilson Figure 3. Horizontal distribution of tools and site profile at HrRr 1. The Lerma/Plano point is thought to be associated with the Northern Cordilleran tradition generally found in or west of the Rocky Mountains which is perhaps coincident with the similar Piano tradition, derived from the Plains.
A number of bison and unidentified large artiodactyl bones (assumed to be bison) display cut marks (Fladmark, Driver, and Alexander 1988) in locations consistent with human butchery (Table 2). Binford (1981) has noted that similarities in artiodactyl anatomy from species to species result in similar patterns of butchery in cultures separated widely in time and space. , Binford 1981, Prison 1973). Many bison and large artiodactyl bones display spiral fractures, some with a well-defined point of impact, which has also been cited as good evidence for smashing of bones by humans (Binford 1981).