By Ezzat A. Fattah
Crime and Victimization of the Elderly offers a "state-of-the-art" evaluate of the social medical literature when it comes to the crime difficulties of older folks. development upon a extensive interdisciplinary base, the amount addresses a variety of matters that might turn out to be of curiosity and cost to criminology and gerontology scholars and to practising execs. The e-book is split into significant sections. the 1st focuses upon aged offenders and the second one is dedicated to a dialogue of aged sufferers. all the significant subject matters often lined within the criminology and victimology classes are given precise attention. those comprise: the character and kinds of crimes dedicated by way of the aged, theories of aged crime, legal justice reactions to the older criminal, styles of aged victimization, motives of aged victimization styles, worry of crime between older people and the abuse of the aged in household settings. The chapters offer a serious evaluation of the formative in addition to the latest empirical study carried out within the usa, Canada and in different places. every one bankruptcy comprises lists of instructed readings and every significant part contains an in depth checklist of bibliographic references. This ebook is a useful source to criminologists, gerontologists and social provider pros because it increases questions and defines concerns very important to an figuring out of the aged and their organization with a variety of elements of crime.
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Zeegers reports to have found 18 suffering from arteriosclerotic dementia among 47 aged sex offenders (60 and over); Whiskin found nine of fifteen elderly sex offenders (60 and over) referred to psychiatric clinics by the courts, to be suffering from organic brain disease. In Toronto, on the other hand, Hucker and Ben-Aron (1985) found only 14% of the 43 elderly sex offenders to be suffering from organic brain syndrome. Obvi38 ously, the way the diagnosis is made greatly affects the percentages.
The reason why criminologists came to ask certain questions about crime and the elderly, but not others, is seen to lie in the ideological baggage that criminologists brought with them when they turned their attention to the elderly. The first area of interest investigated was how senior citizens are burdened with fear of crime and impoverish their lives to avoid victimization. This flowed easily from an ideology that saw the elderly as uniformly vulnerable and ineffectual. The replacement of this negative image of the elderly by a positive one asserting that the elderly are capable of performing productive roles brought about a change in research focus.
Shichor (1985) analyzed 1981 UCR data in an attempt to find out to what degree the patterns of male and female arrests are similar or different as between the general population and the elderly; and if there are differences, to what extent they do vary according to the various offences. 8. Shichor found the distribution to be different where the more serious (index) crime arrests are concerned. 3 per cent of the total number of arrests. 6 times higher! Thus the data indicate a higher proportion of female arrests for serious crimes than for all crimes, especially among the elderly, where the share of female major arrests is considerably higher than in the younger group.