By Samuel K. Cohn Jr
This publication takes a brand new method of the political background of the Italian Renaissance. It examines the Florentine kingdom from its mountainous outer edge, the place Florence met its such a lot strenuous competition to territorial incorporation. From a tributary kingdom, which taken care of its surrounding geographical region as little greater than a tax reservoir and a buffer opposed to international invaders, Florence started to see its personal self-interest as intertwined with that of its sector and its rural subjects--a swap led to by way of frequent and winning peasant uprisings, hitherto unrecorded through historians.
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Additional resources for Creating the Florentine State: Peasants and Rebellion, 1348-1434
Pp. –; r. , p. ; bk. , r. , p. ; r. , pp. –; r. , p. ; r. , pp. –; r. , pp. –; r. , pp. –; r. , pp. –; r. , p. ; bk. , r. , pp. –; Sterpos, “Evoluzione delle comunicazioni,” p. . For special fortiﬁcations, see Provv. reg. ” The councils allocated “no less than , lire” to build elaborate fortiﬁcations at the Giogo pass between Scarperia and Firenzuola to defend this road “against the murders and bandits” of the upper Mugello.
According to Stefano Casini, Dizionario biograﬁco, geograﬁco storico del Comune di Firenzuola, vols. (Florence, ), I, p. ). On these mountains, see Giuseppe Barbieri, “Il Mugello. Studio de geograﬁa umana,” Rivista Geograﬁca Italiana, (), p. ; and for their castles, Riccardo Francovich, I Castelli del contado ﬁorentino nei secoli XII e XIII (Florence, ), pp. –. For Schignano’s properties, see Estimo , village . ”60 Furthermore, for the territory just east of Wickham’s Garfagnana, David Herlihy has shown the mountains’ historical malleability.
Indeed, the framework of social relations and communications was probably one of the elements which enabled these peasants to resist Florentine might. An uprising in Barga in mixed men mostly from this market town and the surrounding district of Garfagnana with allies as far aﬁeld as Poppi in the former contado of Arezzo. 91 Lord Ricciardo Cancellieri’s raids through the contado of Pistoia gathered men from the villages of the Montagna di Pistoia92 with other mountain dwellers across the border in Bologna.