Controlling Governments: Voters, Institutions, and by José María Maravall, Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca

By José María Maravall, Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca

This e-book contributes to debates in confident democratic conception approximately responsibility and illustration. It bridges the distance among formal versions and theoretically susceptible empirical analyses. The chapters remain just about the result of the formal literature, yet they supply a extra lifelike description of the way the democratic keep an eye on of governments operates. The booklet reviews the numerous hindrances that electorate face to carry governments dependable: (1) citizens mix judgments of prior functionality with different issues - resembling ideological or ethnic standards; (2) events in place of work may possibly restrict the data of electorate; and (3) associations bias the workout of responsibility.

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An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper Collins. ). 1998. Deliberative Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Fearon, James. 1999. ” In Adam Przeworski, Susan C. ), Democracy, Accountability, and Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ferejohn, John. 1986. ” Public Choice 50 (1/3): 5–25. Ferejohn, John. 1999. ” In Adam Przeworski, Susan C. ), Democracy, Accountability, and Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Friedrich, Carl J. 1963. Man and His Government: An Empirical Theory of Politics.

Incumbents’ support in the lower house is introduced as a control for the size of the parties in power. I assume that the greater the support that a party or a coalition has in parliament, the greater the potential for electoral losses. A party that has 30 percent of the vote may easily lose 8 points, but this decrease is rather unlikely for a party that has the support of 9 percent of the electorate. The inclusion in the model of economic development is necessary to identify the determinants of electoral performance, and it also tells us whether incumbents in richer democracies win more or fewer votes than in poorer ones.

Parties’ or coalitions’ internal struggles were the main reason for extreme electoral losses in Saint Lucia (1982) and Ecuador (1984 and 1992). Finally, disturbances against democratic rules caused the electoral failure of the incumbents in Colombia, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. Although an extremely bad electoral performance is normally produced by extraordinary events, all these democracies have much in common. 2. (continued) f g h i j k l m n o p President Miguel Trovoada forced Norberto Costa Alegre’s government to resign due to continuous conflicts between both institutions.

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