Cognitive Limitations in Aging and Psychopathology by Randall W. Engle, Grzegorz Sedek, Ulrich von Hecker, Daniel

By Randall W. Engle, Grzegorz Sedek, Ulrich von Hecker, Daniel N. McIntosh

Studying the main development made in fresh mental technological know-how in realizing the cognitive keep an eye on of idea, emotion, and behaviour, this publication unearths what occurs while that keep an eye on is decreased because of getting older, melancholy, developmental disabilities, or psychopathology. each one bankruptcy studies the latest study by way of a number one researcher at the overseas level. themes comprise the consequences on suggestion, emotion, and behaviour by way of barriers in operating reminiscence, cognitive regulate, consciousness, inhibition, and reasoning strategies. the specific aim of the amount is to facilitate inter-disciplinary learn and coaching.

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Butler, Zacks, & Henderson, 1999; Fischer, Biscaldi, & Gezeck, 1997; Fukushima, Hatta, & Fukushima, 2000; Nieuwenhuis, Ridderinkhof, De Jong, Kok, & Van Der Molen, 2000). Accuracy and reaction times in the antisaccade task show a steady improvement with age, up to about 16 to 18 years old. , 1999). A similar decline in performance with age does not appear for the prosaccade task. These results demonstrate that suppression and voluntary control are critical for success on the antisaccade task and that these abilities seem to be reliant on prefrontal cortex (PFC) functioning.

J. (1997). Working memory: A view from neuroimaging. Cognitive Psychology, 33, 5–42. Tipper, S. P. (1985). The negative priming effect: Inhibitory priming of ignored objects. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 37A, 571–590. Turner, M. , & Engle, R. W. (1986). Working memory capacity. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society, 30, 1273–1277. Turner, M. , & Engle, R. W. (1989). Is working memory capacity task dependent? Journal of Memory and Language, 28, 127–154. Williams, J. M. , & MacLeod, C.

Engle For example, saying that African Americans score more poorly on intelligence tests than Caucasians would result in poorer scores for the African American participants than would be obtained otherwise, with little to no change in the scores of Caucasians. Schmader and Johns (2003) reasoned that stereotype threat reduces WMC and thus results in poorer performance on a given task. Across three studies, Schmader and Johns found that stereotype threat lead to lower scores on a measure of WMC. Furthermore, in their Experiment 3, the authors found that the effects of stereotype threat on a measure of higher order cognition were mediated WMC.

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